THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON THIRTEEN

Last lesson, we left Jesus on the mountain praying and his disciples out on the water crossing the sea. Jesus had just
finished feeding the five thousand and had went up on the mountain to be alone, and to escape the people who wanted to
make him their king. He had sent his disciples on ahead of him, and he and gone up on the mountain to be alone.

I.   
John 6:15-17
     15. When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed
           again into a mountain himself alone.
     16. And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,
     17. And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come
             to them.

     [A]  Again, last time we looked at how the people wanted to make Jesus their king, and how he had gone off to the
             mountain alone to escape them, and spend time alone whit his Father in heaven.

     [B] Before he left them, Jesus gave his disciples their instructions
             [1]  First - send the people away
             [2]  Secondly - cross over the sea and I will join you later

     [C]   Verse 16
             [1]   As per Jesus instructions, at evening time, the disciples went down to their boats, and started across the sea.
             [2]  It was dark as they started their journey, but this was not uncommon for them as they fished at night.
             [3]  I would have loved to have been a mouse in that boat as the disciples were floating along.                
                     [a]  Can you imagine the conversation they were having?
                     [b]  Can you imagine their discussion about the feeding of the 5000?        
                     [c]  Can you imagine their talk about who this man really was?
                     [d]  Can you imagine how they must have wondered why he did not allow the people to make him their king,
                             after all that was what the messiah was supposed to be, was it not?

II.   
John 6:18-20
     18. And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.
     19. So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing
           nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.
     20. But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.
     21. Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.

     [A]  While they were crossing the sea in the middle of the night, a sudden storm came up and began tossing the boat
             too and fro.
     [B]  They were twenty to thirty furlongs out on the sea
             [1]  As near as I can figure, 1 furlong is about 202 yard or 606 feet
             [2]  When this is divided into a mile, the figure comes out to between 9 and ten furlongs per mile
             [3]  By this we can determine that the disciples were approximately two and a half to three miles out on the sea
                      when the storm hit.

     [C]  Maybe you noticed that in this account, there is no mention of Peter walking on the water, so lets take a moment
             and look at Matthew 14: 22-34 and get a better idea of what happened.        
             
Matthew 14:22-34        
             22. And straightway Jesus constrained his disciples to get into a ship, and to go before him unto the other side,
                   while he sent the multitudes away.
             23. And when he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into a mountain apart to pray: and when the evening
                   was come, he was there alone.
             24. But the ship was now in the midst of the sea, tossed with waves: for the wind was contrary.
             25. And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea.
             26. And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a spirit; and they cried
                   out for fear.
             27. But straightway Jesus spake unto them, saying, Be of good cheer; it is I; be not afraid.
             28. And Peter answered him and said, Lord, if it be thou, bid me come unto thee on the water.
             29. And he said, Come. And when Peter was come down out of the ship, he walked on the water, to go to Jesus.
             30. But when he saw the wind boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, Lord, save me.
             31. And immediately Jesus stretched forth his hand, and caught him, and said unto him, O thou of little faith,
                   wherefore didst thou doubt?
             32. And when they were come into the ship, the wind ceased.
             33. Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.
             34. And when they were gone over, they came into the land of Gennesaret.        
             [1]   In the account in John, we see the disciples on the water, a storm appear, and Jesus walking to them on the
                     water.
             [2]  In Matthew, we find a much more detailed account
             [3] Then in Mark, we can piece even more of the story together:
                     [a]   
Mark 6:46-48
                             46. And when he had sent them away, he departed into a mountain to pray.
                             47. And when even was come, the ship was in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land.
                             48. And he saw them toiling in rowing; for the wind was contrary unto them: and about the fourth watch
                                   of the night he cometh unto them, walking upon the sea, and would have passed by them.

     [D] From these accounts, by putting them all together, we can see that Jesus sent the people away, or at least his
             disciples did, then he went up into the mountain to pray.

     [E] From mark, we learn that he could see them from the mountain where he was at, and there he seen them
             struggling in the storm.

     [F]  In all the accounts we find Jesus walking on the water, to where his disciples are, but only Matthew speaks of Peter
             walking on the water.

     [G]  Look again at Matthew 14: 22-34 for I want us to spend a bit of time looking at what happened that night.
             [1]  It was during the fourth watch.
                     [a]  The night between sundown and sunup was divided into four watches, the first two from sundown to
                             midnight, and he second two between midnight and morning.                          
                     [b]  The even we are looking at here tonight took place during the fourth watch, so we can assume it was
                             sometime between  three and six in the morning.
             [2]  The Disciples had been on the water almost all night, rowing the boat, trying to get across the water
                     [a]  It was a far piece across the water, but the storm which came up made it much harder.
                     [b]  The sea was about six miles across, and as we already determined, the disciples were about three miles
                             across, so about half way.
             [3]  As the storm raged and the waves splashes over the sided of the boat, an interesting thing happened.
                     [a]  On the water, the disciples saw what they thought was a ghost walking.
                     [b]  They seen Jesus walking on the water but they were so scarred that they didn’t know it was him
                     [c]  Jesus was constantly full of surprises.

      [H]  Seeing their fear, Jesus called out to them and told them it was himself
     
     [I]  It was than that Peter called out to him - Lord if it really be you, bid me to come to you on the water.
             [1]  Jesus said to Peter, Come
             [2]  Peter stepped out of the boat and began waling on the water out to where Jesus was
             [3]  As long as he kept  his mind and sight on Jesus, he was able to walk on the water,
             [4]  As soon as he took his eyes off Jesus, and looked at the waves around him, he sank
             [5]  As he started to sink, he called out to Jesus
             [6]  Jesus reached out to him and took his hand and led him back to the boat
             [8]  As soon as Jesus set foot in the boat, the wind stopped.

     [J]  Question:
             [1]  How was Peter able to walk on the water?
             [2]  What gage him the faith to walk on the water?
             [3]  Why did he sink when he took his eyes off of Jesus?
             [4]  Just as soon as he started to sink, he called out to Jesus, this is the same as our prayers to him,
                     [a]  How long did it take for Jesus to reach out and grab hold of Peter?
                     [b]  How long does it take for Jesus to respond to our pleas?
                     [c]  What causes us to fall?
                     [d]  What happens when we take our eyes off of Jesus?

III.  
John 6:22-24
     22. The day following, when the people which stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was none other boat
           there, save that one whereinto his disciples were entered, and that Jesus went not with his disciples into the boat,
           but that his disciples were gone away alone;
     23. (Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord
           had given thanks:)
     24. When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and came
           to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.

     [A]  The same day that Jesus and his disciples landed on the far side of the sea, there were people who went back to
             the place where Jesus had fed them and knowing that the disciples had went over the sea in a boat, and
             because they could no find Jesus, got into boats themselves and went over the sea to Capernaum seeking to
             find Jesus.

     [B]  A question that came to my mind was when did Jesus and his disciples ever rest. They had fed the 5000 before
             dark, then they had spent the night getting across the lake, and now the people were hunting them down again.

IV.   
John 6: 25-29
     25. And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
     26. Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but
           because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
     27. Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of
           man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.
     28. Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?        
     29. Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.

     [A]  Finally the people found Jesus
             [1]  The first question they asked him, was how did you get here?

     [B]  Jesus did not answer their question, instead he told them why they had come following after him.
             [1]  It wasn’t to receive from him more teaching
             [2]  It wasn’t because they wanted to become followers
             [3]  It was to see him perform miracles and to have him feed them again
.
     [C]  Verse 27
             [1]  Jesus then told them something very important,
                     [a]  Labor not for the things which perisheth
                             [1]  What did he mean by this?
                             [2]  What sort of things would be things which perish?
                     [b]   Instead they were to work for the meat that endureth into everlasting life.                                
                             [1]  What sort of things was Jesus speaking of here?
                             [2]  What can we carry into everlasting life.
                             [3]  For that matter, how do we lay up treasurers in heaven
             [2]  Where does one get those things which can be carried into eternal life?
                     [a]  From Christ the son.
             [3]   What does it mean in the last part of verse 27, for him hath the father sealed.
                     [1]  Does it mean us?
                     [2]  Does it mean Jesus?

     [D]  The crowd then asked Jesus how they might work the work of God?
             [1]  What was his reply?
                     [a]  They should believe on the one he sent

V.  
John 6: 30-40
     30. They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou
           work?        
     31. Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
     32. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my
           Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
     33. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
     34. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.
     35. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth
           on me shall never thirst.
     36. But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.
     37. All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast Out.
     38. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
     39. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should
           raise it up again at the last day.
     40. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have
           everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.                           
     
     [A] Like it was so often in Jesus ministry, they Jews wanted a sign.
     
     [B]  Their ancestors had eaten manna in the wilderness and that was proof that God was leading them.
     
     [C]  Verse 32
             [1]  Here Jesus had to correct their thinking.
                     [a] It was God, not Moses who gave them bread to eat in the wilderness
                     [b]  Moses was a good man, but that was all he was, a man
             [2]  God gave their ancestors manna, but now he was going to give them the true bread.
     
     [D]  Verse 33
             [1]   The true bread is he who cometh down from heaven and giveth his life for them
             [2]  I’m sure that those who were with him, nor those he was speaking to understood what he was speaking
                     of.        
                     [a]  This is easy for you and I to understand, because we know the rest of the story, but  the people of Jesus
                             day did not.
                             [1-a]  First they would have to have known whom came down from heaven
                             [2-a]  Secondly, they would have had to know what he meant by giving his life for them

     [E]   Verse 34
             [1]  The people immediately wanted the bread that Jesus had for them
             [2]  They had no idea what he was talking about, but for sure they wanted it.

     [F]  Verse 35
             [1]  This verse is very similar to what Jesus told the woman at the well
             [2]  This time he said he was the bread of life, along with the water
                     [a]  What does it mean to receive tie water so that you will never thirst again
                     [b]  What does it mean to eat the bread and never hunger

     [G]  Verse 36
             [1]  Here Jesus tells the people who he is, yet they do not believe him.
             [2]  Numerous times Jesus told them who he was - Why was it so hard for them to believe?        

     [H]   Verse 37-39
             [1]  I like this verse, those who God gives Jesus, he will in no wise cast out
             [2]  What does this mean?
                     [a]  When God gives someone to Jesus, that someone does the will of God
                     [b]  God will not give someone to him who is doing things contrary to his commandments.
                     [c]  Jesus will in no wise cast anyone out, but anyone can throw away what God has given them

     [I]   Verse 40
             [1]  This verse is very much like John 3:16 isn’t it?