“PROVERBS”
LESSON # ONE

Verse 1 - The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

     [A] From verse one come the title of this book “Proverbs”

     [B] Also from verse one, we find who is credited for writing the Proverbs
             [a] 1 Kings 4:32
                     32. And he (Solomon) spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.

Verse 2 - To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;

     [A] Verse two tells us why Solomon wrote the Proverbs
             [1] In order that we might know wisdom – What is wisdom
                     [a] Wisdom is something we learn for example philosophic, scientific learning, even biblical knowledge
                     [b] Wisdom is also considered good sense: JUDGMENT
                     [c] Wisdom is a wise attitude or wise course of action
             [2] In order that we might know instruction
                     [a] When one is wise, they are willing to receive instructions
                     [b] When one receives instruction, they become wiser
             [3] In order that we might receive words of understanding
                     [a] Once one is wise enough o receive instructions, they will be able to perceive the words of
                             understanding
                     [b] A wise person is a teachable person – they know they do not know everything and they’re willing to
                             learn from others

Verse 3 - To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;

     [A] In verse three Solomon continues in his teaching about why he wrote the Proverbs        
             [1] To receive instruction in wisdom
                     [a] The Proverbs are full of wise teachings
                     [b] There are little snippets of just about everything that pertains to life in them
             [2] To receive instruction about justice
              [3] To receive instruction about equality
                     [a] The Proverbs teaches about both these thing

Verse 4 - To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.

     [A] He goes on to say
             [1] The Proverbs gives subtility to the simple
                     [a] Teaches them to have intelligence
                     [2]  Teaches them to beware

Verses 5 - A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise
     counsels:
     [A] A wise man will hear
             [1] This is a good thing to remember
                     [a] A true wise person will listen to the advice of another
                     [b] A true wise person seeks the knowledge another has, in order to become even wiser
             [2] One who is not wise, thinks themselves to be to knowledgeable to learn from someone else

     [B] Because he will hear, he will increase his learning
             [1] There is much knowledge in those around us.
             [2] When I see a person with white hair, I know they have great knowledge
                     [a] They have life knowledge
                     [b] They have experience
                     [c] They have much to teach others.
                     [d] They understand how quickly life passes us by

     [C] A man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels
             [1] The truly wise seeks wisdom and counsel from others who are wise
        
             Psalms 1
                     1.   Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the
                           way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
                     2.   But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
                     3.   And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season;    
                           his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
                     4.   The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
                     5.   Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation
                           of the righteous.
                     6.        For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.
             [2] Where should a Christian seek counsel?

Verse 6 - To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.
     
     [1] The reason a man of understanding should seek wise counsel is
             [1] To understand a proverb
                     [a] What good is a proverb if one does not understand it?
                     [b] What good is hearing or reading knowledge if one does not understand what they are Hearing or
                             reading  
             [2] To understand the interpretation
                     [a] Underneath the surface of many parables there is a meaning that is not apparent at first glance.
                     [b] Sometimes there are times we need to seek counsel to seek understanding, but we must be sure to
                             seek wise counsel, so we are not steered in the wrong direction
             [3] To understand the words of the wise
                     [a] What good is listening to wisdom if one does not understand
                     [b] What would a true wise person do, if they did not understand?
                             [1-a] They would ask questions
                             [2-a] They would study and seek answers
             [4] To understand the dark sayings of the wise.
                     [a] This is better defined as the mysteries, of a parable or a proverb
                     [b] Jesus spoke in parables – telling profound statements in a round about way, yet his sayings were
                             understandable when one looked at it in a proper manor, and from a Godly point of view

Verse 7 – The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
     
     [A] In the preceding verses Solomon shows the advantage of acting according to the dictates of wisdom; in the
             following verses he shows the danger of acting contrary to them.

     [B] The fear of the Lord
             [1] What does it mean to fear the Lord?
                     [a] The fear of the Lord signifies the religious reverence person owes his Creator
                     [b] It is often used to express the whole of religion.
             [2] What is true religion?
                     [a] The love of God
                             [1-a] The love of God in us, produces obedience to God’s will
                             [2-a] Because we fear God, or in other words reverence him, we desire to do everything he wants
                                     us to do
                             [3-a] Because we love God, we desire to do everything we can to please him        
                     [b] The love of man
                             [1-a] When we love man, we desire to help our fellowmen
                             [2-a] We desire to help them even as God helped us
             [3] Does fearing God mean that we are to be scarred of him?
                     [a] When one serves and obeys God, there is no need to fear him
                     [b] When one becomes a child of God, he is their “Abba-father” or in other words their daddy, and
                             there is no need to be scarred of him
                     [c] On the other hand, when one does not follow God, there is a real need in their hear to be scarred,
                             because God will not be mocked, and no unclean person will be allowed into heaven.
             [4] To fear the lord is to love the lord, in reverence, knowing he is God Almighty, yet that he is our father,
                     and friend.

     [C] The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge:        
             [1] This fear or this religious reverence of God is said to be the beginning of knowledge
             [2] It is only when one is following God, and doing his will that one can be considered truly wise

     [D] The fool despises wisdom and instruction
             [1] The bible says that one who says there is no God is a fool
             [2] Because all wisdom comes from God, to say there is no God is to despise wisdom

Verse 8-9 - My son; hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother: For they shall be an
     ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.

     [A] It is assumed that the parent is Godly and therefore wise having the fear of God in them:
             [1] Probably one of the hardest things a child has to do is to listen to the wisdom of their parents
             [2] Most children go through a stage when they think their parents are the dumbest people on the Planet,
                     yet when they grow older and face the many challenges of life, they realize the wisdom their parents
                     possessed
             [3] If only a child would heed the instructions of their parents, how much better their life would be.
             [4] Parents possess a wealth of knowledge based on experience and life gained knowledge, and if a child
                     listens and learns from them, they will not  have to make the same mistakes their parents made

     [B] You may notice the writer of this proverb says to listen to the instructions of the father, but not to forsake the
             law of the mother.
             [1] It’s not that the father does not have rules for the child, he does, yet the father is away from home and
                     away from the child most of the time, leaving the discipline and the teaching to the mother.
             [2] It is mom, who in times past was the law enforcement in the family. It was she who laid down the laws, and
                     made the child obey, because it was she who was there, and she who was the primary instructor for the
                     child.
             [3] This did not nor does it remove the father from the equation
                     [a] The father is the head of the household
                     [b] It is the father who is responsible for the religious instruction of the children
                     [c] It is the father who is to set an example to his sons as to how to be a man and how to be a father
                             and a husband
                     [d] A father must spend quality time with his children, even though he is not with them as much as a
                             mother, he must take time to play with them and show love and devotion to them, if he wants them
                             to grow up loving God and living a proper life
                     [e] A father has a responsibility to instruct his children and to teach them about Christ, after all, what a
                             child sees in their earthly father is what they expect from their heavenly father.
     
     [C] When a Child listens to the instructions of his father, and obeys the laws of his mother he or she is
             blessed        
             [1]   
Exodus 20:12
                     12. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the
                           Lord thy God giveth thee.
                     [a] This is the only, of the ten commandments that carries with it a promise
                     [b] God promised in this commandment to make your days long if you obey your parents.
             [2] The writer of the Proverb says that obedience to the parent will be as a chain around your neck and an
                     ornament of grace upon your head.
                     [a] In the many of the ancient nations and people, a chain of gold around the neck signified a person of
                             political importance, a person with rank and deserving of respect.
                             [1-a] When a child listens to his father’s instructions and obeys his mother’s laws, he learns the
                                     wisdom of his parents and thus becomes wise as well
                             [2-a] A wise man or woman deserves respect
                             [3-a] When a child obeys his parents, and learns from them the fear of God, it is like a crown of
                                     grace upon their head
                             [3-a] The Grace the parent has bestowed upon them from God, is passed on to the child, and
                                     they are covered with the grace of God because they learned to fear God from the parents.
             [3] Keep in mind we are talking about parents who fear God and whom follow his commandments and his
                     teaching.
                     [a] On the other hand, consider what a child receives from a parent who does not fear the Lord
                     [b] When a father beats the mother, drinks, curses and abused the child, what is the child to believe
                             about GOD their heavenly father, if their earthly father acts in such a way?
                     [c] If the mother lays around drunk, and curses the child, how is the child to learn that he or she is
                             blessed by God and worthy of respect
                     [d] If a child is left on their own, with only a TV to guide them, if they are allowed to do as they please,
                             unless the parent is present, how will they learn to fear the Lord, and how will they learn to raise
                             their own children?
             [4] Where do we learn to be a parent, of for that matter a husband or a wife?
                     [a] We learn from our parents.
                     [b] We learn by observing them in what they do and how they handle every situation.
                     [c] We learn by trial and error
             [5] When parents are God fearing people, seeking to do God’s will, they will be different than the rest of the
                     world, which will undoubtedly make the children question their decisions and instructions, but as Godly
                     parents, they have a responsibility to God to raise their child in the fear of the Lord.
                     [a] These godly parents are those whom the writer is speaking,
                     [b] When a child obeys the instructions of his god fearing father, and obeys the laws of his god fearing
                             mother, he will be blessed, and others will learn to love and respect him, and in turn will learn to
                             instruct his children and teach them the right things as well.

     I want to stop here in our study and talk a bit about what is happening in the family and in the world.

     Think back to when you were young, and compare that to today, what’s different in the family today?

     1.        Both Mom and Dad work and are away from home
     2.        There is little fear of God in the family or in peoples personal lives
     3.        There is little respect for the parents
     4.        Society is fighting against the home instead of reinforcing it.
     5.        Church has become an option to children instead of a must attend
     6.        We have given the instructions of our children over to the state instead of taking the responsibility
                ourselves as God intended
     7.        There is little discipline in the home or in the classroom
     8.        Children are exposed to too much violence, sex, and dirty language