The Parables of Jesus
Matthew 22:1-14

Parable of the Wedding Banquet

Matthew 22:1-14
    1.   And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,
    2.   The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
    3.   And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.
    4.   Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my
         dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.
    5.   But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:
    6.   And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.
    7.   But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those
         murderers, and burned up their city.
    8.   Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy.
    9.   Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.
    10. So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both
         bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.
    11. And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding
         garment:
    12. And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he
         was speechless.
    13. Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into
         outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
    14.  For many are called, but few are chosen.

Verse 1 - And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,

  [A] Again Jesus is about to tell a parable

Verse 2 - The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,

  [A] The Kingdom of Heaven
          [1] When Jesus begins by saying the kingdom of heaven is like he is referring to:
                  [a] An illustration showing something that is the way it is in the kingdom of heaven
                  [b] A way of showing what is expected of us
                  [c] A way of showing the Jews the wrongs they are committing
                  [d] The way it is in the kingdom of God and what we must do to make it to heaven
          [2] In this parable, Jesus is talking to the Jewish people, about their rejecting the kingdom and
                  how the kingdom is going to be given to the Gentiles

  [B] A certain King
          [1] Obviously referring to God the Father

  [C] Made a marriage for his son
          [1] He prepared a feast for the marriage of his son.
          [2] The feast he made was his providing salvation of the world to all who would accept it.
          [3] Questions
                  [a] Who is the Son?
                  [b] What does this mean when we read about a marriage?
                  [c] Who is his bride?

Verse 3 -  And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.
  
  [A] He sent forth servants
          [1] Who were these servants?
                  [a] The Prophets
                  [b] Those who proclaimed the coming of Jesus
                  [c] John the Baptist
                  [d] The disciples
                  [e] Even us today
          [2] What were the servants supposed to do?
                  [a] They were to bid people to come to the wedding feast
          [3] Who were the first to be asked to the wedding banquet        
                  [a] The first to be asked to come were the Jews
                          [1-a] They refused to come
                  [b] The gospel was than preached to the gentiles
                          [1-a] Many of them repented and began following the teaching of Jesus
                           [2-a] Even so, many refused to invitation to come
                          [3-a] Today the invitation is still being given, but only a few respond to it and
                                  prepare to come to the wedding

  [B] What and where is the wedding going to be?
          [1] The wedding feast is going to be in heaven when Jesus is united with his bride the church
          [2] All who believe in him and follow his teaching will be allowed into the marriage feast
          [3] All who do not believe in him and accept his free gift of eternal life, will no be allowed inside

Verse 4 -  Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my
  dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.

  [A] Time after time God sent his servants, his prophets to Israel to warn them and to try to get them to
          do his will
          [a] The wonderful things about God is that he repeatedly sends his invitations to sinners
          [b] He does not give up, but instead gives opportunity after opportunity for a sinner to repent
  
  [B] He informs them that everything is prepared, everything is ready and the meal is about to begin
          [a] This is the same message that goes out to us, the time is short, Jesus is coming soon
          [b] The meal is prepared, and no-one knows when the Bridegroom will arrive for his bride
          

Verse 5 - But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:
  
  [A] Those who were invited made light of the  invitation
          [a] Again this is speaking of the Jewish people
          [b] Never the less, it also describes in detail the people of today
  [B] Notice how each of the people was doing their own thing,
          [1] Some went to their homes,
          [2] Some went to their farm
          [3] Some went off to but merchandise

  [C] People were more interesting in the things of the world and in personal satisfaction than they were in
          the things of God
          [1] Isn’t this the way it is with most people today?        
          [2] Isn’t the things of God placed on the back burner, only to be remembered when and if they
                  need something from God?
          [3] Isn’t those things that give people immediate satisfaction and those things that make them
                  look good in the eyes of others what is important?

Verse 6 -  And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.
  
  [A] The Prophets God sent to invite the people to the Wedding Banquet were treated terribly
          [1] Some were killed
          [2] Some were beaten
          [3] Some were put in prison
  
  [B] The Apostles were among those who were treated this way as well
          [1] Each of the apostles died a terrible death
          [2] All with the exception of John whom it is said they repeatedly tried to kill, but survived and
                  was than placed on Patmos as a prisoner was killed  

  [C] Thousands of the early Christians and those who preached the gospel were burned at stake, crucified,
          tortured, and killed

  [D] Throughout history, those who proclaim of the gospel have been put to death

  [E] Even today, people are being killed in countries around the world, for proclaiming the gospel for
          Jesus - inviting people to the wedding banquet

Verse 7 - But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those         
  murderers, and burned up their city.

  [A] Again, here Jesus is referring to the Jewish people
          [1] The country of Israel - the northern kingdom had been destroyed and the people had been led
                  away into captivity many years before this.
                  [a] They had been warned over and over again by the prophets God sent to warn them
                  [b] Eventually God raised the Assyrian armies to defeat them and from that time on, the
                          country of Israel ceased to exist
          [2] The second country to be defeated and carried off into captivity was Judah, and it was
                  defeated by Babylon and the temple was destroyed
                  [a] Eventually God allowed them to return
                  [b] The temple was rebuilt
                  [c] This was hundreds of years before Christ came to earth
          [3] After Jesus ascended back to heaven, the Romans overthrew the Israelites again, and
                  destroyed the temple yet again.
                  [a] Judah and all of Israel ceased to exist until the nation of Israel came back into
                          existence in 1947
                  [b] as you know, the temple has yet to be rebuilt again

Verse 8 - Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy.

  [A] The Jewish people, those who were invited to the wedding, are not worthy
          [1] They had been invited
          [2] They refused the invitation
          [2] God sent prophets to them
          [3] He even sent his only begotten son, yet they refused to follow him

Verse 9 -  Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.

  [A] During the time of the Apostles, the focus shifted from the Jews to the Gentiles - through the
          Apostle Paul
          [1] Paul was the Apostle to the Gentiles
          [2] Even so, when Paul entered a new town, he always went to the Jews first and preached to
                  them before he went to the Gentiles

  [B] Because the Jews rejected Jesus, God sent his servants to the Gentiles and invited the,
          [1] They were to go into the highways and into the byways
          [2] They were to go into all nations and to all people
          [3] They were to invite people to come to the wedding feast, as they accepted Jesus Christ as
`                        their saviour and received eternal life

Verse 10 - So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both         bad
  and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.
  
  [A] The Servants were sent out to find anyone who was willing to come
          [1] We need to look at this closely for it would appear on the surface that God accepts anyone
                  into heaven, and all they have to do is accept the invitation
                  [a] Is this they case? - Actually it is, but the stipulation is that he person must have on the
                          wedding garments as we will see in a moment
                  [b] When on accepts the invitation they accept the responsibility that goes along with it
                  [c] They ask of forgiveness, and are willing to turn from their sinful ways
                  [d] They study to show themselves approved worthy unto God
                  
  [B] What this verse means is that God will accept anyone who comes to him
          [1] He desires to set the sinner free from their sins
          [2] No one is too big of a sinner to be forgiven and gain eternal life
          [3] Whether they be bad or good, God is willing to accept those who believe in his son and
                  receive him unto themselves

  [C] John 3:16 states
          16. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in
                him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
          [A] What does it mean to believe in Jesus?
  
          [B] If one believes - what are they to believe?

Verse 11 - And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:

  [A] One was there who did not have on the wedding garment
          [1] It was the custom in ancient times for the king to give garments to his guest
          [2] Even more so, those who are born again and washed in the blood of Jesus receive the robe of
                  righteousness

  [B] This man was not dressed in the proper attire
          [1] This represents a person who has gone through the actions, but has never had a change in
                  their heart
          [2] This represents the hypocrite who claims they are a Christian but show no evidence of it in
                  their lives
          [3] This represents a person who had head knowledge but has never allowed Jesus to take over
                  the control or leadership of their heart

  [C] This doesn’t mean that once you are saved you will be cast aside, instead it is talking about a person
          who was never truly saved in the first place, but only went through the actions ands pretended to
          be saved, even often fooling those around them, and maybe even themselves
          [1] Instead of having on the spotless Robe of righteousness, their heart and clothing was dirty
          [2] Instead of being spotless in the eyes of God, and being covered by the blood of Christ, they
                  remained dirty, and sinful in the eyes of God
                  [1-a] The only thing that stands between any one of us, and the fires of hell, is Jesus
                  [2-a] Unless we are washed in the blood, and clothed in the garment of righteousness, we
                          will not be allowed into heaven
          [3] As Jesus himself said, many are called, but few are chosen
                  [1-a] The invitation is given to all mankind, but only a few accept it
                  [2-a] Of the few that accept it, only a small amount really commit themselves to
                          following the commandments and giving up the things of the world in order to
                          keep their garments spotless

Verse 12 - And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he         was
  speechless.

  [A] Standing before the King of all heaven and earth, one will not have any excuses
          [1] God who knows all things, and sees into our heart will not be deceived
          [2] All those who fooled man, will not be able to fool God

  [B] Notice that the man was speechless, he had not excuse, and no explanation for not doing what the
          was supposed to do as a Christian

Verse 13 - Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into
outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

  [A] That person who deceived those on earth, who made others believe they were OK had no excuse
          when standing before God
          
  [B] God who knows all things even the heart of man, knew what the person really was.
          [1] He knew they only put on an act
          [2] He knew they were not really saved
          [3] He knew they were never sincere
          [4] He knew they didn’t believe fully

  [C] God ordered him cast out, thrown into hell for eternal punishment and separation from him

Verse 14 - For many are called, but few are chosen.

  [A] Jesus often used this expression. - It was probably proverbial.
          [1] The Jews had been called, but few of them had been chosen to life.
                  [a] The great mass of the nation was wicked
                  [b] They showed by their lives that they were not chosen to salvation.
          [2] The Gentiles were also invited to be saved
                  [a] Nation after nation has been called
                  [b] few have showed that they were real Christians, the elect of God.

  [B] Many who are in the church may prove to be without the wedding garment, and show at last that
          they were not the chosen of God.

  [C] The remark from the 14th verse is a reference to the whole parable, not of the part about the man
          without the wedding garment.
          [1] It doesn’t mean, that the great mass in the church are called but not chosen,
          [2] It doesn’t mean they are all hypocrites;
          [3] What is means is that a great mass of people have been called and have rejected the mercy
                  and grace of God.