The Parables of Jesus
Parable of the Ten Virgins
1. Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the
2. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish.
3. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them:
4. But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
5. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
6. And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.
7. Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.
8. And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.
9. But the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that
sell, and buy for yourselves.
10. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage:
and the door was shut.
11. Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.
12. But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not.
13. Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.
Verse 1 - Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet
[A] The Kingdom of heaven
 The kingdom of heaven referred to in this passage is the coming of Jesus
 Jesus is teaching the need to be prepared and ready for his coming,
[B] The ten virgins
 The virgins represent the church
 This is a name given to the church because of its pureness and holiness
[C] The took their lamps
 Each of the virgins were invited to the wedding celebration
 The custom was that many were invited, but no-one knew the exact moment the bridegroom would come –
so they went prepared to stay if need be several days and nights
 Each would bring a lamp, to give off light while they waited, so they could stay safe
 Because they did not know when the bridegroom would come, they had to take extra oil for their lamps
[D] The Bridegroom
 The bridegroom was a man who was just married, or about to be married, as we the case here.
 The bridegroom represents Jesus who is coming to receiver his bride, the church unto himself.
Verse 2 - And five of them were wise, and five were foolish.
[A] Speaking of the virgins,
 Five of them were wise
 Five of them were foolish
[B] Give me a biblical definition of wisdom
 One who believes in God
 One who obeys his commandments
 One who is looking forward to Christ’s retrun
[C] Give me a biblical definition of a foolish person
 The bible says a fool is one who says there is no God
 A fool is one who refused to believe in all God said or in what is found in his holy word
 A fool is one who refused to obey God, and does what he or she pleases instead
Verse 3 - They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them:
[A] The foolish virgins did not prepare themselves for a long wait
[B] What this tells us is that the foolish virgins were not grounded in God’s word, and did not believe as strongly as
they should –
[C] Oil is often referred to as the Holy Spirit
 That being the case, they were not filled with the Holy Spirit
 They had not given themselves over completely to God
 They were trying to get to heaven on their own instead of allowing the Holy Spirit to lead them
 They were lacking in the teaching of the Holy Spirit
Verse 4 - But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
[A] The wise prepared and planned so they would be able to endure if the bridegroom tarried
[B] This tells us that the wise were well grounded in God’s word, and that they believed it totally and Completely
[C] Since oil is often referred to as the Holy Spirit
 They were full of the spirit of God
 They had surrendered completely to God
 They were being led by the power of the Holy Spirit
Verse 5 - While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
[A] The bridegroom tarried
 There was no exact time set when the bridegroom would come
 The people who were invited to the wedding waited along the way, so they could join the possession when
he was announced.
[B] As they waited, the all slumbered and slept
 In this particular instance, this was not a bad thing, for when the bridegroom came, he would be announced
and all would rise up and follow.
 Yet as we think of the church today, I believe that there are far too many who are slumbering and sleeping,
instead of doing the work Christ has laid out for us to do
 I fear that many in the church today will never hear the call, and will awaken after the possession is over,
only to find they have missed the bridegroom
Verse 6 - And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.
[A] At midnight
 The time in not what is important here, instead it is the fact that Jesus, the bridegroom is going to come at
an unexpected time, at a time when no-one is looking, while they are slumbering and sleeping
 In this particular instance, it was at midnight, but it could have been any hour of the day or Night, and still
there would have been some who were sleeping and unprepared for his Coming.
[B] A cry was made
 When we think of Jesus coming, we think of the trumpet sounding,
 Only those who were waiting for him, heard the sound and awoke from their slumber
 Only those who expected him to come, was alerted and followed him
Verse 7- Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.
[A] All ten of the virgins heard the announcement made
[B] All ten arose and trimmed their lamps
 All were given equal opportunity
 All were given the same invitation
 All were expected to be ready and waiting
Verse 8 - And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.
[A] When the foolish trimmed their lamps, their oil had burned out, and their light was out
[B] These fiver foolish virgins had received the same invitation, had the same opportunities, as the five wise virgins,
but when the bridegroom came, they were found wanting
 One must be prepared long before the lord comes
 One cannot wait until Jesus is coming to make things right with their fellowmen, or to repent of their sins.
 One cannot expect to have Jesus wait for them, while they make things right, when he comes, he is coming
and there will be no time to repent
[C] The five foolish virgins had what so many in our generation have, a lack of patience, and a lack of discipline for
 It would be simple to repent, and then have Jesus come right away and take us home
 It is hard to repent, and than live our lives in holiness, when we live in such a wicked world
Verse 9 - But the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that
sell, and buy for yourselves.
[A] The wise refused to give their oil to the foolish
[B] This symbolizes that no one can do for us what we need to do ourselves
 Just going to church is not enough
 Because your parents are saints is not enough
 Having one’s name on a church role is not enough
 Unless one is born again, and a believer in Jesus Christ, they will not make it
[C] Go and purchase oil for yourself
 Go and get your lives straightened up
 Go and get serious about following Christ
 Go to the altar of repentance and make things right
 Go to those whom you have not forgiven and forgive them
Verse 10 - And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage:
and the door was shut.
[A] Those five foolish virgins went to make things right,
[B] While they were gone, Jesus came
[C] Those who were ready were taken inside, then the door was shut
Verse 11 - Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.
[A] The five foolish virgin returned, and the door was shut
[B] They begged the Lord to let them in
Verse 12 - But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not.
[A] They were denied entrance
[B] The Lord not only denied them, he said he didn’t even know them
Verse 13 - Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.
[A] This verse basically wraps up and explains everything Jesus was saying in this parable.
[B] This is the truth he wanted us to understand
 Like the virgins, there will be many who are professing that they are going to meet the Bridegroom - the
Lord Jesus Christ.
 Like the coming of the bridegroom, his coming will be suddenly.
[a] For many it will be at an unexpected time.
[b] Many, even many professing Christians, will be engaged the business of the world; thoughtless about
eternity; not expecting his coming and not prepared for it.
 Many will profess to know him, but in their works they will deny him.
[C] The judgments of God come suddenly and unexpectedly.
 So many, when they shall see him coming, at their death or the judgment, will begin, like the foolish virgins,
to be active, and prepare to die. But it will be too late.
 Those who are ready will enter-in, and heaven will be closed for ever against all others.
[D] The coming of Jesus is certain. When he will come is not certain although signs have been given us to show that
he will be here soon.
 The virgins should all have been watching and prepared for his coming
 Likewise, so should we.
[a] Christians should be ever watchful
[b] They not should lose any time in preparing - for in such an hour as they think not the Son of man shall
[A] When Jesus comes, there will be so many who are not prepared for his coming. I fear that there are many
“foolish virgins” who are professing Christians in the church today, many who will be left behind when Jesus
comes, many who will be denied entrance into heaven when they die because they are Christian in words only,
Christian in their mined and not their heart.
 What do I mean when I say, in mind and not in heart?
[a] When on is Christian in mind only, they have gone through the motions of becoming a child of God,
they have been baptized, gone to the altar, but they have never converted from their sinful ways to
become a child of God. They are saved in their mind, knowing what is right and what is wrong, but
their life and their deeds show that they are not what they claim they are.
[b] When on is saved in their heart, they are different. They things they once did, are gone, and the
things of God are evident in their lives. While they once practiced sin, they now practice godliness.
While they once thought only of self, now they think of others. Their heart is full of love and devotion
to God, and their eyes are on heaven constantly, waiting for Christ return.
 We are not to judge one another, but one can see what’s in ones heart by what we see them doing, and by
what we hear coming from their mouth.
[a] James wrote, “Faith without works is dead”
[b] Jesus said, “Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the
mouth, this defileth a man. And his explanation was “Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever
entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught? But those things which
proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. For out of the heart
proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:”
[B] Christianity is serious, and should not be taken lightly as some take it.
 Paul wrote – “Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now
much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.”
 Jesus said – “Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these
things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.”
 As Job said “I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.”
[1-a] We make it into heaven only by the skin of our teeth,
[2-a] We enter in only by invitation –
[3-a] We are admitted only if we have done what is expected of us and only if we have on the garment of