THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON FIFTY

John 19:16-22
    16. Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
    17. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
    18. Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
    19. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE
          JEWS.
    20. This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was
          written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
    21. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the
          Jews.
    22. Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

    [A] Here is where we left off in our study. Before we move on, I would like for us to look at several things that happened
            while Jesus was on the cross dying – Tonight I want to take a look at the seven last things Jesus said while he     
            was on the cross.
    
    [B] We will begin in the book of Luke

Luke 23:33-49
    32. And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.
    33. And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one
          on the right hand, and the other on the left.
    34. Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
    35. And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save
          himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.
    36. And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
    37. And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.
    38. And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF
          THE JEWS.
    39. And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
    40. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
    41. And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.
    42. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.
    43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
    44. And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.
    45. And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.
    46. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said
          thus, he gave up the ghost.
    47. Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.
    48. And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts,
          and returned.
    49. And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

    [A] It is believed that the first thing Jesus said while hanging on the cross is what we find in verse 34 – Father, forgive
            them; for they know not what they do.
            [1] Isn’t is remarkable that while Christ was hanging on the cross, he prayed for his enemies
            [2] I wonder if that would have been you or I, would we have prayed for our enemies, or would we have Father
                    Forgive Them or would we have prayed Father, consume them;
                    [a] I fear that we would have prayed the second prayer.
                    [b] Question
                            [1-a] What gave Jesus the strength to pray for his enemies?
                                    [a-1] His Love for mankind
                                    [b-1] His desire to see all mankind saved – What they were doing to him could easily be
                                            considered a sin above pardon after all they were killing God, not only were they crucifying    
                                            God, they were denying him, refusing him, and blaspheming him.
                            [2-a] Who was Jesus praying for when he prayed
                                    [a-1] Those who had denied him
                                    [b-1] Those who had arrested him
                                    [c-1] Pilate
                                    [d-1] The Soldiers
                                    [e-1] The Scribes and Pharisees
                                    [f-1] The people
                                    [g-1] Everyone who lived after that time until now in other words “Father, forgive them, not only
                                            these, but all that shall repent, and believe the gospel;"
                            [3-a] What was the reason Jesus was dying on the cross?
                                    [a-1] To obtain forgiveness for the sins of man
                                    [b-1] To be a sacrifice for our sins
                                    [c-1] To be able to say to the Father, Father forgive them for they know not what they
                                            do.                 
                    [c] The crucifiers of Jesus didn’t know what they were doing, they were ignorant of their wrong, believing that
                            they were doing God a favor by killing Jesus.
                    [d] Many do not know that they are doing wrong today, because they have been deceived by Satan into
                            believing a lie  
                    [e] The good news of the gospel is this
                            [1-a] All who believe in Jesus and repent of their sins, can be forgiven and have eternal life.
                            [2-a] Forgiveness is available to all who seek it because Jesus said, Father, Forgive them.

    [B] The second thing we find in Luke that Jesus said is found in verse 43 - To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
            [1] These were the words that Jesus spoke to one of the thieves on the cross.
                    [a] As the people around the foot of the cross railed against Jesus mocking him, one of the thieves did the
                            same. He mocked Jesus and tormented him, even though he too was dying on the cross. Look again at
                            verses thirty-nine through forty-three        
                            39. And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself
                                  and us.
                            40. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same
                                  condemnation?
                            41. And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing
                                  amiss.
                            42. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.        
                            43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
                    [b] What was the difference between the two thieves?
                            [1-a] One of them admitted that he was a sinner and one did not
                            [2-a] One of them rebuked sin, and one did not. – Repentance
                            [3-a] One of them sought Jesus and one denied him.
            [2] Jesus told the repentant thief  “Today shalt thou be with me in paradise.”
                    [a] The thief was going to die – his body was going to be buried
                            [1-a] How could he be with Jesus in paradise that very same day?
                            [2-a] What happens to the spirit of man when he dies?
                    [b] This statement of Jesus is a reminder to each of us that those who are in Christ, will go to be with Christ
                            when they depart this life. There is no waiting time, no sleeping of the soul before it departs, instead it
                            goes immediately to heaven or to hell. Those who are in Christ go to be with Christ.
                            [1-a] The question then has to be asked – Where is Christ? And the answer is, he sits at the right hand
                                    of the Father in heaven.
                            [2-a] The question then can be asked, where does the soul of the believer go when the body dies?
                                    The answer is to heaven to be with Jesus.

    [C] The third thing we see in Luke is most likely the last thing he said, it is found in verse forty-six – Father, into thy
            hands I commend my spirit:
            [1] This statement is the last thing Jesus said while hanging on the cross, than he died.
            [2] Jesus knew that he had accomplished everything he had been sent to do, and he knew where he was
                    returning to. All that was left for him was for his spirit to leave his body and return to God the Father.
                    [a] He was ready for his suffering to end.
                    [b] He had, as Paul said, fought the good fight and finished the course.
                    [c] He was ready for something better than what he had here                  
            [3] In my life, and I would imagine that you are the same, I yearn for heaven, I look forward to the time I can leave
                    this body and be free of the pain, suffering and the trials and tribulations this life brings. Imagine how much
                    more so, Jesus wanted to leave here. After all he had come from heaven and knew what he was returning
                    too.
    
    [D] One of the seven things Jesus said from the cross comes from Matthew 27:45-49

Matthew 27:45-49
    45. Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
    46. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God,
          my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
    47. Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias.
    48. And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him
          to drink.
    49. The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him.
    
    [A] When Jesus cried out these words, he must have felt more alone then he had ever felt in his entire life.
            [1] I ask you, can you imagine going through pain and suffering without Jesus?
            [2] Can you imagine suffering like Jesus was, and to feel that God had turned his back on you?

    [B] What did Jesus mean when he said these words? Did God truly turn his back on Jesus?
            [1] There were a lot of things going on when Jesus cried out these words
            [2] Take notice that there was a darkness over the earth that lasted for three hours
                    [a] This darkness was a darkness different than any darkness known to man.
                    [b] It was an unexplained darkness
                    [c] It could not have been an eclipse, because it lasted for too long.
                    [d] During that time, Jesus hung on the cross, suffering
            [3] I believe that an important factor to remember here is what darkness represents in the Bible
                    [a] Darkness always represents evil and sin
                    [b] I am inclined to believe that as Jesus hung on the cross dying, Satan was under the impression that
                            Jesus had bee defeated and he had won.
                    [c] I can’t help but believe that for those three hours of darkness, God allowed Jerusalem to see what
                            darkness was like and what it meant to kill the light of the world
            [4] While Jesus hung on the cross, it was dark. In that darkness, he felt even more alone than he did while the
                    sun was shining.          

    [C] Furthermore, when Jesus hung on the cross, he carried the sins of all mankind to the cross with him.
            [1] God the Father cannot tolerate sin
            [2] When he saw his only begotten son, hanging on the cross covered and filled with the sins of man, he had to
                    separate himself from him, and Jesus felt alone
            [3] God was still there, but he could not have fellowship with his son, because of the sins that Jesus was carrying.
     
John 19:16-30
    16. Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
    17. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
    18. Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
    19. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE
          JEWS.
    20. This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was
          written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
    21. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the
          Jews.
    22. Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
    23. Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part;
          and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
    24. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture
          might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These
          things therefore the soldiers did.
    25. Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary
          Magdalene.
    26. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother,
          Woman, behold thy son!
    27. Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
    28. After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.
    29. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it
          to his mouth.
    30. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the
          ghost.

    [A] Another of the seven thing Jesus said is found in verses twenty-six and twenty-seven Woman behold thy son,
            Behold thy Mother
            [1] While Jesus was hanging on the cross, Mary his mother and John his disciple stood at the foot of the cross
                    grieving for him.
                    [a] I can almost see John with his arm around Mary holding her up as she mourns her son’s suffering.
                    [b] I can’t imagine the pain that the two of them had as they watched Jesus suffer, knowing he did not
                            deserve what was happening to him in any way.
            [2] What Jesus did, shows that he was always thanking of others even when he was at the lowest point of his life.
                    [a] He knew that Mary would suffer when he was gone, so he told John to take here as his own mother
                    [b] He knew that John would suffer when he was gone, so he told Mary to take him as her own son.
                    [c] I don’t know what the relationship was with her other sons, I don’t even know if they were hers, but never
                            the less, Jesus made provisions for his mother, and for his beloved disciple, so that both of them would
                            be comforted when he was gone.

    [B] In verse twenty-eight Jesus said, I thirst
            [1] It would only be normal for him to thirst physically as he hung on the cross. He had hung there fore over six
                    hours, fighting for every breath, dehydrating, going into shock, so  thirst was a normal thing to have         
            [2] When he said he thirst, he was given vinegar to drink, and not a cool drink of water
            [3] Yet I believe that Jesus thirsted for something other than water, I believe he was thirsting for heaven, and
                    desiring to go home to be with his father in heaven.

    [C] In verse thirty, Jesus said his final words - It is finished
            [1] What was finished
                    [a] His suffering was finished
                    [b] What the father had told him to do was finished
                    [c] His life on earth was finished
                    [d] Him being offered as a sacrifice for all mankind was finished
                    [e] The people mocking him was finished
                    [f] His battle with Satan was finished
                    [g] His pain was finished
                    [h] Satan’s hold on man was finished.
            [2] When Jesus died on the cross, literally hundreds of prophecies were completed.