THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON FORTY-EIGHT

John 19:1
- Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

    [A] And when he had scourged Jesus.
            [1] Among the Romans, it was customary to scourge, or whip, a slave before he was crucified.
            [2] This was done to inflict a greater suffering than crucifixion would be alone; and to add to the horrors of the
                    punishment.
            [3] Jesus, about to be put to death, after the manner of a slave, was also treated as a slave; as one of the
                    lowest and most despised of mankind,

    [B] Why was Jesus beaten?
            Isaiah 53
            1.  Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?
            2.  For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor    
                 comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
            3.  He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our
                 faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
            4.  Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God,
                 and afflicted.
            5.  But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our
                 peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
            6.  All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on
                 him the iniquity of us all.
            7.  He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the
                 slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
            8.  He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out
                 of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
            9.  And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence,
                 neither was any deceit in his mouth.
            10.Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for
                 sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.
            11.He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant
                 justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
            12.Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he
                 hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of
                 many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
            
            [1] Jesus was beaten because it was the will of Almighty God.
            [2] He was beaten so that we could have healing
            [3] Jesus was beaten by the Romans –
                    [a] their whip of choice was the Cat of nine tails
                    [b] The whip had nine pieces of leather at the end and they most likely had woven into the ends pieces of
                            metal which would cut the back or the one being beaten                
                    [c] Jesus would have been tied to a stake, with his hand over his head, and the skin on his back stretched
                            tight.
                    [d] Jewish law only allowed a person to receive thirty-nine lashes, so Pilot would have conformed to their
                            belief and Jesus would have received only thirty nine lashes, yet each of the lashes would have had
                            nine leather throngs with metal in them cutting into the back, legs arms and body of Christ.
                    [e] Each time the whip hit him, his skin would have opened up.
                    [f] Likely there were places that were open to the bone on his back, and ribcage.
                    [g] The whipping was severe enough that some people died from it alone.
                    [h] It is obvious that it weakened Jesus drastically because he was not able to carry his own cross, and
                            someone else had to carry it for him.

John 19:3-4 - And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, And
    said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.

    [A] After the beating, the soldiers dressed him in a purple robe and began to mock him

    [B] The platted a crown for him out of thorns, and placed it on his head

    [C] They hit him with their fist and slapped him with their hands
            [1] I don’t know about you, but thinking about this makes me feel like crying.
            [2] How can anyone treat another human being like this, much less Jesus?
            [3] How could God set in heaven and witness this happening?
            [4] How was Jesus able to take it and not call for the legions of angels to come and save him?

John 19:4 - Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that
    I find no fault in him.
    
    [A] Pilot went out to the Jews again, and told them that he found no fault in Jesus.
    
    [B] For the life of me, I can’t understand why he didn’t just release Jesus and send the mobs away.

John 19:5  Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold
    the man!  

    [A] I want you with your minds eye see Jesus standing there on the platform with Pilot.

    [B] Close your eyes for a moment and imagine what he looked like.
            [1] There is a crown of thorns on his head,
            [2] Blood is streaming down his face.
            [3] His eyes and face is beginning to swell from the beating the soldiers gave him.
            [4] His face is filled with pain
            [5] He is having a hard time just standing up
            [6] Blood is running down his legs and pooling on the floor around him.
            [7] His eyes are filled with sorrow as he looks at you and me there in the crowd

    [C] Can you see him?

    [D] How do you feel?

    [E] Why is he suffering so?

    [F] For whom is he suffering?

    [G] What does he desire from you?

John 19:6-7 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate
    saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him. The Jews answered him, We have a law, and
    by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.
    
    [A] Jesus stood before the people, bruised, cut and bleeding.
    
    [B] When the Chief Priest and officers cried out
            [1] Crucify Him, Crucify Him
    
    [C] Pilot did not want to Crucify him
            [1] Why didn’t Pilot want to Crucify Jesus?
            [2] Why was did this make a difference to him?
                    [a] Look with me at
Matthew 27:19
                         19.  When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to
                                 do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.
            [3] Since he didn’t want to crucify Jesus, why did he consent and allow it.
    
    [D] Pilot told the Jews to take Jesus and crucify him  themselves for he found no fault in him.
            [1] He knew that they could not crucify Jesus – this was a way for him to get out of doing it.
            [2] Still, I find it hard to believe, he consented when he knew in his heart that Jesus was innocent.

    [E] The Jews answered Pilot, We have a law and that law says he should be put to death.
            [1] It’s true they had a law, but the law said the person should be stoned, not crucified.

    [F] Then they told Pilot that Jesus had made himself the Son of God an that was the offence that he was to die for.
            [1] The crime they claimed Jesus had committed was blasphemy, claiming to be God.
            [2] All the miracles he did, and all the things he taught, meant nothing to them. Jesus was a threat and they
                   wanted him eliminated.

John 19:8 - When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;
    
    [A] After hearing the words his wife spoke to him, he was frightened
    
    [B] Knowing the miracles Jesus had performed he was afraid.
               
    [C] Something in his gut, told him Jesus just might be who he claimed to be, and the Jews out of jealousy and envy
            wanted to kill him                                 

John 19:9 - And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no
    answer.

    [A] Pilot took Jesus back inside.

    [B] There he asked Jesus, where are you from.

    [C] Jesus gave him no answer
            [1] Why did Jesus refuse to answer Pilot?
                    [a] If he would have answered, he would have told him the truth, he was from heaven and was the son of
                            God
                    [b] Pilot was already trying his best to get out of crucifying Jesus
                    [c] Pilot believed Jesus to be innocent,
                    [d] If Jesus would have confirmed to him who he was, Pilot would not have crucified him, and the
                            scriptures could not have been fulfilled.
                    [e] Because of this, Jesus did not answer him.

John 19:10-11 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify
    thee, and have power to release thee? Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it
    were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.

    [A] Pilot asked.
            [1] Don’t you realize that I can order you killed or released
            [2] Why are you sitting there and not talking to me.

    [B] Jesus said
            [1] You would have no power at all, if God hadn’t given it to you.
            [2] Those who delivered me to you are the ones who haws the greater sin

    [C] Thought,
            [1] This is a principle that we often forget.
                    [a] It is God who gives power to man
                    [b] It is God who places into power kings, and rulers.
                    [c] It is God who ultimately places our president into office
                            [1-a] That person is not always who we desire,
                            [2-a] That person does not always do what God desires him to do
                            [3-a] Yet God placed him there and it was for a purpose – to make what he said would happen in the
                                    world, happen.
                            [4-a] He placed Pilot in power, knowing he did not have the strength to release Jesus because of his
                                    fear of the Jews
                            [5-a] He placed the High Priest into power, so that Jesus would be crucified
            [2] The person who is elected is not always the person we want. But most likely it is who God wants
                    [a] He places into power men who’s heart is not right with him, so that they will do certain thing he wants
                            done  
                            [1-a] For instance, Nebuchadnezzar as ruler of Babylon who was in power to punish the Jews        
                            [b-1] Hitler – who killed millions of Jews but ultimately was the reason for Israel’s return to their
                                    homeland and their forming the nation of Israel today
            [3] Noting happens by chance – God is in control