THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON FORTY-SEVEN


John 18:33
- Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of
    the Jews?
    
    [A] If you remember, the last time we met we looked at how Jesus had been taken to Pilot
    
    [B] The Jews delivered him to the Judgment hall, but they themselves did not go inside,
            [1] For them to have entered they would have been deviled and would not been able to partake of the
                    Passover meal
            [2] Even thought they were committing sin and condemning an innocent man to death, they were more
                    concerned about their cleanliness and being able to eat the Passover than they were about obeying the
                    commandments of God,  
    [C] I find it very interesting that Pilot asked Jesus if he was the King of the Jews
            [1] According to what we see written in the book of John, the Jews did not tell Pilot this
            [2] Why do you think he asked Jesus this question?
            [3] Do you think it would have made any difference to him what Jesus told him?
            [4] How do you think Pilot had come to the conclusion that Jesus was maybe the King of the Jews?

John 18:34 - Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?
    
    [A] Jesus asked Pilot where he had heard this about himself
            [1] Was Pilot asking him because he believed him to be the King of the Jews?0
            [2] Was Pilot asking him because he had heard it said by others?
    
    [B] Again, would it have mattered to Pilot whether he was a king of not?


John 18:35 - Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what
    hast thou done?

    [A] Pilot answered, Am I a Jew?
            [1] What he was saying was how can I know this, I am not a Jew – I am a Roman.
            [2] Another way of looking at this is if I were a Jew, I would know these things.

    [B] Then Pilot said, Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me:
            [1] I guess if Jesus were supposed to be the King of the Jews, Pilot would have wondered why his own people
                    had delivered him to be killed.
            [2] It would seem to me that all through the trial of Jesus, Pilot tried to keep from killing him.
                    [a] Apparently he had heard that the Jews were envious of Jesus
                    [b] Likely he had heard all the good things Jesus had done.
                    [c] Likely it had been reported to him that Jesus was a man who was doing good and did not cause any
                            trouble – after all the Roman soldiers were ever present around the kingdom, especially in
                            Jerusalem.
            [3] Then Pilot asked Jesus, What have you done?
                    [a] What have you done that is worthy of death
                    [b] What have you done that caused the Jews to bring you to me?
                    [c] What have you done that they claim is so wrong?
                    [d] If you are their King, why are they not following you?
                    [e] If you are their King, why do they seek to have you crucified?

John 18:36 - Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants
    fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

    [A] My kingdom is not of this world,
            [1] The charge on which Jesus was arraigned was that of laying claim to the office of a king.          
            [2] Here he admits to claiming he was a king, but not in the sense in which the Jews understood it.
                    [a] They charged him with attempting to set up an earthly kingdom
                    [b] They charged him with sedition against Caesar.
            [3] In reply to this, Jesus said that his kingdom is not of this world
                    [a] His kingdom is not of the same nature as earthly kingdoms.
                    [b] It was not originated for the same purpose, or conducted on the same plan.  
                    [c] By the way, how do you describe the Kingdom of Christ?
    
    [B] If my kingdom were of this world, then my servants would fight.
            [1] He explained to Pilot the difference between his kingdom and an earthly kingdom
                    [a] The kingdoms of the world are defended by arms; they maintain armies and engage in wars.  
                    [b] If the kingdom of Jesus had been of this kind of kingdom, he would have excited the multitudes
                            that followed him to prepare for battle.
                    [c] He would have armed the hosts of people that followed him to Jerusalem.
                    [d] He would not have been alone and unarmed in the garden of Gethsemane.
            [2] Even so he was a king,
                    [a] His dominion is over the heart of man
                    [b] In the heart he subduing evil passions and corrupt desires,
                    [c] In the heart he restored to the soul love, peace and unity with God and ones fellowmen.

John 18:37 -  Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this
    end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is
    of the truth heareth my voice.

    [A] Pilot asked Jesus again, Art thou a king then?
            [1] Do you admit to the charges of the Jews?
            [2] Do you in lay claim to any kind of kingdom?
    
    [B] Thou sayest that I am a king.
            [1] Commentators say that the statement Jesus made was the same as Jesus saying Yes, I am a King.
    
    [C] To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth.
            [1] It is easy here to see the affirmation isn’t it
            [2] The reason Jesus came into the world was to be a King and to bear witness to the truth
                    [a] How does this line up with his coming as a sacrifice for our sins?
                    [b] How does this line up with God sending his only begotten son so that we could have eternal life?        
                    [c] What does Jesus being a King have to do with our salvation?
                    [d] What truth was he to bear witness too?

    [D] Every one that is of the truth heareth my voicw
            [1] What does this mean?
            [2] Why do only those who is of the truth those who hear his voice?

John 18:38 - Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith
    unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

    [A] What is truth?
            [1] This question was probably asked sarcastically to Jesus, and hence Jesus did not answer.
            [2] Had the question been sincere, and had Pilate really sought the truth, Jesus would not have hesitated to     
                    explain to him the nature of his kingdom.
            [3] We are living in a time of many untruths. There are many claiming a lot of different doctrines and preaching
                    and teaching many different things. The question Pilot asked Jesus deserves an answer, What is Truth?
                    [a] How can we know what is the truth?
                    [b] How can we keep from being deceived by the false doctrines that are being taught?
                    [c] By what can we judge all things to determine what is true and what is not?

    [B] As soon as Pilot asked the question he went out without waiting for Jesus to answer.
            [1] It is evident that Pilot was satisfied, from the answer of Jesus that he was not a king in the sense in which
                    the Jews accused him; that he would not endanger the Roman government,
            [2] Because he was not a danger and was innocent of the charges alleged against him. Pilot regarded him, as
                    a fanatic--poor, ignorant, and deluded, but innocent and not dangerous.
            [3] He sought to release him; and in contempt, he asked him this question, and immediately went out, not
                    expecting an answer.
    
    [C] To the Jews he said, I find in him no fault at all.

John 18:39 - But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release
    unto you the King of the Jews?

    [A] To try and have Jesus released, and not have to kill an innocent man, Pilot remembered a custom of the Jews
            [1] Every year at the Passover a prisoner was released
            [2] Apparently this was in remembrance of the time God passed over and spared the Hebrews from death.
    
    [B] He asked them, likely pleading with them to allow him to release Jesus to them.
            [1] He had just told them that Jesus was innocent
            [2] He desired to keep this innocent man alive, but had to be considerate of the mobs decision as well         

John 18:40 - Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

    [A] They began crying out, we don’t want Jesus released,

    [B] Instead of releasing Jesus, Release Barabbas.
            [1] Barabbas
                    [a] Barabbas was a robber John said, but in other scriptures he was said to be a murderer
                    [b] Imagine a murderer being released back into the community and wanting someone like Jesus who did
                            no wrong to be killed
            [2] I can’t help but wonder if the cross Jesus was crucified on was a cross that was actually intended for
                    Barabbas.         
            [3] I can’t help but wonder if Barabbas was a third with the two who were crucified beside Jesus
            [4] I also cannot help but wonder if Barabbas changed his life after being spared death, or if he ever
                    considered what Jesus had done from him.
                    [a] Consider this – Jesus died in Barabbas’ place. Barabbas was a sinner deserving death, but Jesus took
                            his place, and died on the cross I believe was intended for him
                    [b] We too were a sinner deserving death – but Jesus carried our sins to the cross and died for us. He
                            took our place just as he took Barabbas’ place and through him we have our freedom and the ability
                            to start over and do things right.