THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON FORTY-SIX


    The last time we met, we looked at Jesus being arrested, and taken before the High Priest. In that lesson we also
saw the first of three denials Peter made concerning Jesus. Look with me at John chapter 13:36-38.

John 13:36-38
    36. Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow
          me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.
    37. Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
    38. Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not
          crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.

    I wanted to bring you attention back to this scripture, as we continue in our study tonight, because it shows us what
Jesus said about Peter denying him three times before the rooster had crowed three times. Last time we saw the first
of the three denials in John 18:16-17

John 18:15-17
    15. And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest,
          and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
    16. But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest,
          and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
    17. Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I
          am not.
    18. And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed
          themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

    His first denial was to the girl who was at the door there are two more to follow.

John 18:25-27
    25. And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his
          disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.
    26. One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in
          the garden with him?
    27. Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

    [A]
Verse twenty-five - And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou
            also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.
            [1] As Peter stood by the fire warming himself, on of those standing there with him, asked if he was not also
                    one of the disciples of Jesus.
            [2] He denied that he was and said I am not
            [3] This was denial number two

    [B]
Verse twenty-six - One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith,
            Did not I see thee in the garden with him?
            [1] Apparently, after the first person drawing attention to Peter, one of the servants of the High Priest, and
                    one who was kin to the one whose ear Peter had cut off said, didn’t I see you in the garden with Jesus.
    
    [C]
Verse twenty-seven - Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

    [D] Lets compare these passages to the other gospels
            
      
      Matthew 26:69-74
            69. Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying,Thou also wast with Jesus of
                  Galilee.
            70. But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest.
            71. And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there,
                  This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth.
            72. And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.
            73. And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them;
                  for thy speech betrayeth thee.
            74. Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

            
Mark 14:66-72
            66. And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest:
            67. And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus
                  of Nazareth.
            68. But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch;
                  and the cock crew.
            69. And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them.
            70. And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of
                  them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.
            71. But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.
            72. And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before
                   the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.

           
 Luke 22:54-62        
            54. Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar
                  off.
            55. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down
                  among them.
            56. But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man
                  was also with him.        
            57. And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.
            58. And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not.
            59. And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also
                  was with him: for he is a Galilaean.
            60. And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.
            61. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he said
                  unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
            62. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

            [1] Of the four accounts, I like the one in Luke the best.
                    [a] Three times Peter denied Jesus in all the accounts
                    [b] In Luke, Jesus turned to look at Peter after the cock crowed and Peter will filled with guilt and went
                            out weeping bitterly
            [2] In Mark’s account, Peter cursed and swore that he did not know Jesus
            [3] In some of the accounts, the cock crowed once and in some twice, but in all Peter denied Jesus three
                    times.

John 18:28-32
    28. Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not
          into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover.
    29. Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation brings ye against this man?
    30. They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.
    31. Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto
          him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:
    32. That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

    [A]
Verse twenty-eight - Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and
            they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the
            Passover.
            [1] If you remember, after Jesus was arrested he was taken first to Caiaphas and then to Annas
            [2] After he was questioned by Annas he was bound and sent back to Caiaphas who then took him to the
                    Hall of Judgment to be tried by Pilot
            [3] Several things stand out in this verse.
                    [a] It was early
                            [1-a] This tends to reinforce the cock crowing
                            [2-a] What we do not know is how early is was – or if Pilot was already up
                            [3-a] Never the less, they delivered Jesus to the hall of Judgment
                    [b] They went not in
                            [1-a] For these pious Jews to have set foot inside the hall of Judgment would have made them
                                    unclean,
                            [2-a] The hall of Judgment was a Roman court, and it was considered unclean by the Jews.        
                    [c] The would have been defiled
                            [1-a] Had they chosen to enter the hall of Judgment they would have been defiled
                            [2-a] The Jews considered the touch of a Gentile to be a defilement, and on this occasion, at
                                    least, seemed to regard it as a pollution to enter the house of a Gentile.  They took care,
                                    therefore, to guard themselves against what they considered ceremonial pollution, while they
                                    were wholly unconcerned at the enormous crime of putting the innocent man to death.
                            [3-a] This is really no different than the way many of us are. For it would seem that for some, they
                                    are more  concerned about the ceremony of religion than they are about living their life in a
                                    wholesome and holy manor.
                    [d] They would not be able to eat the Passover meal
                            [1-a] To have entered the judgment hall would have considered equivalent to touching a dead
                                    body thus  disqualifying them to partake of the Passover in a proper manner.
                            [2-a] There were numerous things in the Levitical Laws which made a person unclean. Some of
                                    them made a person unclean until evening, some for seven days. Each instance had to be
                                    met accordingly, by washing and cleansing the clothes, or in some cases burning them and
                                    so on.  

    [B]
Verse twenty-nine - Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?
            [1] I find it interesting that Pilot had to go out to meet them

    [C]
Verse thirty -  They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered
            him up unto thee.
            [1] A malefactor was one who violated the law.
            [2] Their reply to Pilot was basically, we have determined that he is a malefactor and that he is worthy of
                    death.
                    [a] It would appear that they did not want Pilot to try him, but instead to put him to death at their
                            request.
                    [b] It is likely in ordinary cases the Roman governor did not make strict inquiry into the justice of the
                            sentence.
                    [c] When the Jewish Sanhedrim tried a person and pronounced sentence, the sentence was usually
                            approved by the governor; but in this case Pilate, drug his feet. He had no doubt heard of the
                            miracles of Jesus, and seemed to believe he was innocent.
    
    [D]
Verses thirty-one and thirty two - Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to
            your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: That the saying of
            Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.
            [1] The Jews had not told Pilot that they had tried Jesus and found him worthy of death, possibly this is why
                    Pilot told them to take him and judge him according to you law
            [2] Possibly Pilot just didn’t want to get involved because of the things he knew about Jesus and for that
                    matter, about the reasons the Jews wanted to kill him.
                    [a] I feel sure that Pilot had soldiers out and about and they reported back to him all the things they
                            seen and heard.
                   [b] I’m sure this was not the first time he had had dealing with the Jews and their demands
                   [c] It’s just possible that he was sick and tired of them and didn’t want to help them in any way
            [3] The Jews told Him that they were not allowed to put anyone to death.
                   [a] I kind of remember that this didn’t deter them other times when they tried to stone Jesus, and tried to
                            kill him in other ways        
                   [b] I kind of remember that they were prepared to stone the woman caught in adultery when they
                            brought her before Jesus
                   [c] I believe the reason they didn’t stone Jesus was because they were fearful of what the people would
                            have done.
            [4] Yet the real reason is found in verse thirty-two, because of the way Jesus was supposed to die.
                    [a] The mode of the Jews putting someone to death was death by stoning.
                    [b] Jesus predicted his death to be a death by crucifixion – He said if I be lifted up I will draw all man
                            unto me.
                    [c] It was God’s plan from the beginning to offer his own son as a sacrifice and for him to die on a cross
                    [d] The only way for this to happen was to have him killed by the Romans.

          
  Psalm 22:1-19
            1.   My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words
                  of my roaring?
            2.   O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
            3.   But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
            4.   Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
            5.   They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
            6.   But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
            7.   All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
            8.   He trusted on the Lord that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
            9.   But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's
                  breasts.
            10. I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
            11. Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
            12. Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
            13. They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
            14. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst
                  of my bowels.
            15. My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me
                  into the dust of death.
            16. For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands
                  and my feet.
            17. I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.
            18. They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
            19. But be not thou far from me, O Lord: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
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