THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON FORTY-FIVE

John 18:10-11
    10. Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The
          servant's name was Malchus.
    11. Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not
          drink it?

    [A] It’s interesting that John is the only Gospel writer who names Peter as the one who cutoff the ear of Malchus the
            servant.
            [1] Some believe that Matthew Mark and Luke did not state his name because Peter was still alive and he might
                    have endangered if others knew it had been him         
            [2] John was the last of the Apostles to die.
                    [a] Tradition states that he had been sentenced to die in boiling oil, but God spared his life.
                    [b] Because he did not die, it us said he was sent to Patmos to suffer imprisonment.
                    [c] It was on Patmos that he received the Revelation from Jesus and did most of his Writing.
    
    [B] The last time we met, we looked at how Jesus had told the disciples to buy a sword. It was reported to him that
            they had two.
            [1] Apparently, one of the two swords was on the person of Peter
            [2] I am wondering why Peter drew his sword, and why he cut off the Servant’s ear.
                    [a] Could it be that this is what he thought Jesus wanted him to do?
                    [b] Was it simply an impulsive gesture?
    
    [C] Never the less, Peter drew his sword and cut off Malchus’s ear.
            [1] What is different about this story that the other gospels mention, other than John telling Peter’s name
             
       Mathew 26:51-53
                    51. And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck
                          a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear.
                    52. Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall
                          perish with the sword.
                    53. Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve
                          legions of angels?

                  
  Mark 14:47-48
                    47. And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.
                    48. And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with
                          staves to take me?

                  
  Luke 22:50-51
                    50. And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.
                    51. And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

                    [a] Luke is the only one to mention that Jesus healed the servants ear.

    [D]
Verse eleven - Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath
            given me, shall I not drink it?
            [1] I want you to think for a moment
                    [a] Just a short time ago, Jesus told the disciples they were to purchase swords
                    [b] Here we are, in a situation in which a sword looked to be needed.
                    [c] Peter drew his sword and cut off the servants ear then turned to Peter and condemned him for what he
                            did.         
                            [1-a] Would this be confusing to Peter?
                            [2-a] It is certainly confusing to me
                    [d] Why did Jesus want the disciples to have a sword?
                    [e] Why didn’t he want Peter defending him?
                    [f] What did he mean by the cup that his father gave him to drink?

John 18:12-14
    12. Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
    13. And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
    14. Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the
          people.

    [A] After Jesus had healed the servant of the High Priest he was arrested. Bound and led away

    [B] It would seem to me, that everything about the arrest of Jesus was an over kill.
            [1] They came out to arrest him with an armed mob
            [2] Even after he told them he was Jesus and made no effort to escape he was still bound before he was led
                    away
            [3] When Peter cut of the servant’s ear, Jesus rebuked him, which should have shown the people that he was
                    not going to put up any resistance nor was he going to allow his disciples to do so either.
            [4] Yet they bound him like a hardened criminal and led him away.
    
    [C] First they took him first to Annas
            [1] Annas was a high priest of the Jews,
            [2] He is mentioned in the book of Luke as being high priest along with Caiaphas, his son in-law.  
            [3] He was first appointed to that office by Cyrenius, the proconsul of Syria, about A.D. 7 or 8, but was         
                    afterwards deprived of the position.  
            [4] After various changes, the office was given to Joseph, also called Caiaphas, who was the son-in-law of
                    Annas, about A. D. 25. He continued in office until A. D. 35 or 36.  
            [5] In the New Testament, it is apparent that Caiaphas was the only actual and proper high priest; but Annas
                    being his father-in-law, and having been formerly himself high priest, and being also a substitute, had great
                    influence and authority, and could with propriety be still termed high priest along with Caiaphas.  
                    [a] It was before Annas that Christ was first taken on the night he was arrested.  
                    [b] He also assisted in presiding over the Sanhedrin which sat in judgment upon Peter and John in the book
                            of Acts
            [6] It is believed that Jesus was taken to Annas’ house because his house was nearest to them, and because
                    Annas had great authority and influence in the Jewish nation. He had been himself having been a high-
                    priest for a long time.
            [7] Annas also had had five sons who had successively enjoyed the office of high priest, and the office was now
                    filled by his son-in-law.
                    [a] It was important to those who had arrested Jesus to obtain his sanction and his counsel for their evil
                            work.
    
    [D] Verse fourteen
            [1] It was Caiaphas, who gave the prophecy that one man would die for many.
                    
John 11:47-53
                    47. Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth
                          many miracles.
                    48. If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our
                          place and nation.
                    49. And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know
                          nothing at all,
                    50. Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole
                          nation perish not.
                    51. And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die
                          for that nation;
                    52. And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that
                          were scattered abroad.
                    53. Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.
            [2] That is exactly what happened, and what we are studying about in these last chapters of John

John 18:15-18
    15. And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and
          went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
    16. But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and
          spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
    17. Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am
          not.
    18. And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed
          themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

    [A] Peter and another Disciple followed Jesus and the mob who had arrested him as he was led first to Annas’ house
            and then to Caiaphas
            [1] We know who peter is, but who is this other disciple?
                    [a] The other Disciple was probably John, although some believe it was a secret disciple of Jesus someone
                            other than John, because whomever it was did not seem to suffer in any way from being a follower.

    [B]
Verse sixteen - But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the
            high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
            [1] Whoever this other disciples was, was allowed inside, because the high priest knew Him
            [2] Peter who had been waiting outside the gate was allowed inside when this secret disciple came back to the
                    girl who was keeping the door and told her to let Peter into the courtyard.

    [C]
Verse seventeen - Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's
           disciples? He saith, I am not.

     
       John 13:34-38
            34. A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one
                  another.
            35. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.
            36. Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not
                  follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.
            37. Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.
            38. Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not
                  crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.
            [1] When the woman at the door accused Peter of being one of Jesus’ disciples Peter answered I am not
            [2] This was his first denial two more will come
                    [a] Why didn’t Peter admit to her that he was a disciple
                    [b] In later years, he was bold in his faith, what made the difference?

    [D]
Verse eighteen - And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and
            they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
            [1] After denying Jesus, Peter stood around a fire with probably some of the same officers and servants who had
                    gone out to the garden to arrest Jesus
            [2] It doesn’t say, but I wonder if Malchus was there among them?
            [3] What kept them from recognizing Peter all along?

John 18:19-24
    19. The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.
    20. Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the
            Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
    21. Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.
    22. And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying,
            Answerest thou the high priest so?
    23. Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
    24. Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

    [A]
Verese nineteen
            [1] The high-priest then asked Jesus of his disciples.
                    [a] Most likely he was trying to determine their number and power.
                    [b] The charge they wished to arraign Jesus on was sedition, or of rebellion against Caesar.
                    [c] To make that plausible, they needed to know how many disciples he had to show that they were a strong
                            and dangerous faction; but, as they had no proof of that, the high-priest tried to get the information
                            from Jesus  
            [2] Then he asked him of his doctrine.
                    [a] The object apparently was to convict him of teaching things that were contrary to the beliefs of the
                            Jewish people, or things that were treason against the Roman government.

    [B]
Verse twenty - Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the
            temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
            [1] Jesus’ answer to the high priest was that he always spoke openly and hid nothing from anyone.
            [2] What he had said he had said, and nothing was hidden.
    
    [C]
Verse twenty-one - Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they
            know what I said.
            [1] Jesus insisted on his rights.
            [2] He reproved the high-priest for his unjust and illegal manner of trying to extort a confession from him.
            [3] If he had done wrong, or taught in error or if his teaching was against the government, it would be easy to
                    prove
            [4] In other words, if I have done wrong, produce the evidence yourself, bring forth the witnesses.        
            [5] Herein is a lesson for us
                    [a] Jesus was willing to be reviled and persecuted, but he insisted that justice should be done him.
                            [1-a] We too should be concerned about justice being done – although it is justice we should seek and
                                    not revenge
                            [2-a] God is a God of justice, even in the Mosiac law he demanded justice, an eye for an eye, a tooth
                                    for a tooth and a life for a life
                    [b] Jesus knew he was innocent
                            [1-a] He had been so open in everything he did that he could appeal to the  multitudes and trust that
                                    they would witness  in his favor
                            [2-a] Like Jesus, we ought to live our life in such a manor that the world sees what we are doing and
                                    from our life they can find no fault in us
                            [3-a] Question
                                    [a-1] What do people see in our lives that show that we are followers of Jesus?
                                    [b-1] Is there evidence in your life that others can see what you believe and what you stand for?
                                    [c-1] If you were placed on trial for your belief, could you call for the multitudes to come and
                                            witness for you?        
                                    [d-1] If you were arrested falsely and placed on trial, would your heart be set on fairness or
                                            revenge?

    [C]
Verse twenty-two - And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm
            of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?
            [1] After Jesus challenged the High Priest about the method he was trying to get a confession he was struck by
                    one of the court officers who was apparently standing nearby to guard Jesus.
            [2] He struck him whit his hand asking him why he answered the High Priest like he did
                    [a] The High Priest was right next to God in the eyes of the Jews
                    [b] In many ways he was similar to the pope in the Catholic Church.
                    [c] To answer him sarcastically would have bee worthy of being struck or even worse

    [D]
Verse twenty-three - Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest
            thou me?
            [1] Jesus said, If in my answer to the high-priest there was any disrespect to his office, or for the law that
                    appointed him, then testify to the fact, and let punishment be inflicted according to the law.
            [2] But if well: When an accused person is on trial he is under the protection of the court, and has a right to
                    demand all legal measures be taken to secure his rights.
                    [a] This was the right Jesus insisted upon.
                    [b] He showed that although he desired no revenge, but still he wanted justice done.

    [E]
Verse twenty-four - Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
            [1] After being questioned by Annas, Jesus was sent back to Caiphas
                    [a] If you remember, this was where Jesus was taken first and then sent to Annas
                    [b] Now he is being sent back to Ciaphas again

    [F]
Question
            [1] How does this incident align with the teaching of Jesus that we are to turn the other cheek?
            [2] Did Jesus turn his other cheek?
            [3] Is it wrong to seek justice?
            [4] Is it wrong to seek revenge?
            [5] What did Jesus mean when he said we were to turn the other cheek?