“THE GOSPEL OF JOHN”
LESSON THIRTY-ONE

 Last time we met, we looked at the Passover found in Exodus chapter eleven. The reason for doing so was because
Jesus as his disciples were at Jerusalem for the Passover Celebration. Jesus and his disciples had met in an upper room,
and there they ate the Passover meal together. We looked at verse one of chapter thirteen last time, so there is where
we will start tonight.

John 13:1
   1.   Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this
         world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.

   [A]  Numerous times throughout our study of John, we have seen the words, his time was not yet come. Here in
           verse one, we see something different, here we see that his Hour had come for him to depart from this world to
           the Father.

   [B]  Jesus knew all things had been given into his hands.
           [1]  He knew his hour of humiliation was near,
           [2]  His hour of glory was also near.
                   [a]  Yet I cannot imagine the thoughts that were going through Jesus’ mind as he prepared for what was
                           going to happen.
                   [b]  Without a doubt, Jesus knew what was going to take place -
                           [1a]  He knew he would  be arrested,
                           [2a]  He knew he would be falsely accused
                           [3a]  He knew he would be beaten
                           [4a]  He knew he would be humiliated
                           [5a]  He knew he would be crucified
                           [6a]  He knew he would be ridiculed while he hung on the cross
                           [7a]  He knew he would be rejected by the people
                           [8a]  He knew he would die and be buried
                           [9a]  He knew he would rise from the dead on the third day
                           [10a]  He knew there would still be people who did not believe in him, or accept what he did for them.
                           [11a]  His heart had to be filled with sorrow grief, pain and maybe even fear for what was about to
                                   happen to him

   [C]  Having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.
           [1]  The very reason Jesus came into the world was because God loved us so much that he sent his only
                   begotten son to die as a sacrifice for our sins
           [2]  Here though, what is being referred to is Jesus loving his disciples, yet that same love applies to all who
                   believe in him, for they are his disciples also.  
           [3]  Jesus loved his disciples to the end - he loved them as long as he was living on this world, and he loved
                   them and continues to love them until the end of time.
                   [a]  Herein is one of the greatest comforts you and I can have -
                           [1a] Christ loved us even before we knew him
                           [2a]  He loved us even while we were yet a sinner
                           [3a]  He will love us as long as we have breath in us
                           [4a]  He will continue to love his followers, throughout all eternity.
                   [b]  Christ’s love never fails - man’s love does.
                           [1a]  Man will not be cast into hell because Christ does not love them
                           [2a]  Man will be cast into hell because of his lack of love for Christ.

John 13:2-5
   2.   And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;
   3.   Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to
         God;
   4.   He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.
   5.   After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel
         wherewith he was girded.

Verse two - And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray
   him;

   [A]  Verse one talked about Jesus’ love, and herein we see his love even for the sinner, in action.

   [B]  Everything that took place at the last supper with Jesus, was experienced with Judas as well
           [1]  Note that John stated here the devil had already put into Judas’ heart that he was to betray Jesus
           [2]  There Judas sat, with these feelings in his heart, knowing that he was going to betray Jesus, and here was
                   Jesus who knows all, showing his love to him in various ways.

Verse two, Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went
    to God;
   [A]  What did John mean when he said that the Father had given all things into his hands
           [1]  The weight of the whole world was upon Jesus
           [2]  He was to carry to sin of all mankind to the cross with him
           [3]  The fate of mankind’s eternal life rested upon him
           [4]  If he refused to go through with the suffering the Father had placed on him, man would be doomed
  
    [B]  He came from God and went to God
           [1]  Herein is what Gave Jesus the strength and courage to do what he had to do
           [2]  The knowledge that we too will go to God should be what we draw our strength from as well
           [3]  Whatever the situation in life, Jesus will always be with us
           [4]  Whatever happens, we will never lose our salvation unless we ourselves choose to throw it away - by
                    denying God.
           [5] We, like Christ should face all of life’s trials with this knowledge, knowing that whatever happens we will go to
                    heaven to be with Jesus. - This takes the fear of death away, as well as the fear of dying.

Verses four and five - He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. After
    that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith
    he was girded.

    [A]  This passage is a very important passage, and is one that shows us the humility Jesus had in his life - the same
            humility that we as his followers should have as well
            [1]  John showed this well, in the proceeding verse, when he wrote, Jesus knowing that the Father had given all
                    things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;
                   [a]  Jesus was the Son of God - God in flesh
                   [b]  It was he who should have been honored above all others
                   [c]  Jesus knew who he was, where he came from, and where he was going.
                   [d]  He also knew that God had given him everything - and he was to be the king of all heaven and earth -
                            the Prince of peace and the King of Kings
                   [e] Kings did not serve the people - the people served the King - yet Jesus did         
            [2] What does this tell you about Jesus?

    [B]  Jesus rose from supper, took a towel and girded himself and then proceed to wash the disciples feet.
            [1]  What is so important about this statement?

    [C]  Feet washing was a common thing for the people during the time of Jesus. When a traveler arrived at a home,
            there feet were dirty and tired, so the master had their feet washed as an act of kindness and hostility.
            [1]  Who usually washed a visitors feet?
                    [a] A Slave
                    [b]  A Servant
            [2]  The master of the house would never have washed the feet of his visitors because that would have
                    degraded him.
            [3]  Why then did Jesus choose to degrade himself in order to wash his disciples feet?
            [4]  What does this tell you about Jesus?
            [5]  What does this tell you about the way we are to act?

John 13:6-11
    6.   Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?
    7.   Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.
    8.   Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part
            with me.
    9.   Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.
    10. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are
            clean, but not all.
    11. For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.

Verse six-eight
    [A]  Why didn’t Peter want Jesus to wash his feet?
            [1]  He did not want Jesus to degrade himself and wash his feet.
            [2]  It should have been him washing Jesus feet, not the other way around.
            [3]  Maybe he felt himself too good to have Jesus wash his feet
            [4]  Maybe there were other reasons altogether

    [B]  Jesus said, if I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.
            [1]  What did Jesus mean?
            [2]  How does Jesus wash man?
            [3]  Why is it necessary for Jesus to wash a person, in order for him to have anything to do with him.

Verse nine
    [A]  Immediately Peter changed his attitude.
            [1]  He desired to have something to do with Jesus.
            [2]  He believed Jesus was the Son of God
            [3]  He loved Jesus and was a faithful follower.

Verse ten - Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are
    clean, but not all.
   
    [A]  What is so important about the feet?
   
    [B]  Why did Jesus say that it was only the feet that needed washing?
            [1]  It was a custom to wash a travelers feet
            [2]  The person had possibly washed his body before coming to the master’s house, but traveling on the dirt
                    roads would have made his feet dirty
    
    [C]  Yet I believe it goes much deeper than this
            [1]  I am reminded of the time when Moses stood before God at the burning bush - If you remember, God told
                    Moses to remover his shoes, for he was standing on Holy Ground.
            [2]  Again, what was the significance of his removing his shoes?
            [3]  One of the reasons that some believe Peter said wash my hands and my head also was because of the
                    ritual washing that it is believed the Jews did before they participated in the feast of the Passover. Some
                    believe they took a complete bath, some that they only washed their hands and their faces, or head as
                    Peter implied. That being the case, the feet was all that was necessary to have washed as they would
                    have been dirtied as they proceeded to the upper room.
    
    [D]  The symbolism of the feet washing        
            [1]  When we are received into the body of Christ, we are received through baptism. At that moment we are
                    cleansed and washed clean by the Holy Spirit. This is the first washing.
            [2]  As we travel through life, our feet carry us many placed, and into many different circumstances, some
                    good, some bad  - when we come before God, and allow a  brother or s sister to wash our feet, we are
                    being cleansed of those things we did,  although we are already washed clean through baptism. This act
                    is like a renewal of our baptismal vows and a re-commitment to Jesus.
            [3]  The believer who is doing the washing, is acting in the stead of Jesus, he or she is acting in obedience,
                    submitting themselves to God and acting as a servant,  which they truly are, for they are a servant of
                    Christ. Whereas Christ, the lord and master washed the disciples feet, setting an example for us to follow,
                    that time becoming a servant, to serve others, today he allows us his servants to wash one another’s feet
                    in submission to him, because we are his servants.
            [4]  For you or I to refuse to have our feet washed, would be for us to deny Jesus, and for you or I to refuse to
                    wash one another feet, would be to tell Jesus that you are not a servant, and that you will not sink low
                    enough to act as one. We must always remember that Christ is the Master and we are his servants. No
                    more do we want to make Jesus wash the feet of his servants, but instead we must take  on that
                    responsibility and do it for him, for he is the master of the house and we are only his servants.

Verse eleven - For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.
   
    [A]  As I alluded to earlier, Jesus knew that Judas would betray him, yet Judas was treated like all the rest of the
            disciples.

    [B] Why would Jesus treat Judas the same as Peter or John even knowing what Judas was about to do?

John 13:12-17
    12. So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them,
          Know ye what I have done to you?
    13. Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.
    14. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.
    15. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
    16. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he
          that sent him.
    17. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.         

    [A] I don’t want to spend too much time on these verses, because they say what I was just talking about.

    [B]  Jesus washed the disciples feet        
            [1]  He was the Lord and Master
            [2]  Because he did it, we ought to do it as well
            [3]  The servant is not greater than his Lord, yet, he the Lord became a servant.
            [4]  Because he set the example, we should be willing to become a servant as well, after all, we are servants of
                    God, and to do for others, is to do the same to Him