THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON EIGHT

I   
John 3:22-36
     22. After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judea; and there he tarried with them, and
           baptized.
     23. And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and
           were baptized.
     24. For John was not yet cast into prison.
     25. Then there arose a question between some of John's disciples and the Jews about purifying.
     26. And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest
           witness, behold, the same baptizeth, and all men come to him.
     27. John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.
     28. Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before him.
     29. He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him,
           rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
     30. He must increase, but I must decrease.
     31. He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that
           cometh from heaven is above all.
     32. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and no man receiveth his testimony.
     33. He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal that God is true.
     34. For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.
     35. The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.
     36. He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the
           wrath of God abideth on him.
 
     [A]  In verses twenty-two and twenty-three, we find Jesus and John both baptizing people for the forgiveness of their
             sins.

     [B]  Verse 26
             [1]  John’s disciples came to him and asked him about Jesus.
             [2]  They being true disciples did not want John to loose his following, and that was indeed what was taking
                     place, people from all over the place was flocking to Jesus to be baptized and hear him speak.

     [C]   John’s Reply to them
             [1]  Verse 27-36
             [2]  John was fully satisfied with the work God had assigned him; and he knew that Jesus came on a more
                     important assignment.
             [3]   John knew that Jesus would increase in honor and influence, for of his government and peace there
                     would be no end, while he himself would be less followed.
                     [a]  This seems to be a thing that many today do not understand. It seems that some of the clergy in the
                             world today, seem to think of themselves as God, and seem to think that they are the way, instead
                             of Jesus.
                     [b]  John knew his place and accepted it as what it was. He was the forerunner of Jesus, whose job was to
                             proclaim Christ coming and prepare the way for him.
                     [c]  Is that not the same job we are called to do today, to proclaim the coming of Jesus and prepare the
                             way for him?
             [4]   John knew that Jesus had come from heaven as the Son of God, while he was nothing more than a sinful,
                     mortal man, who could only speak about the more plain subjects of religion.
             [5]   On the other hand, the words of Jesus were the words of God; he had the Spirit, not by measure, as the
                     prophets did, but in all fullness.
             [6]   Everlasting life could only be had by faith through Christ, and could only be obtained through him.
             [7]   Whereas all those, who did not believe in the Son of God, could not partake of salvation,

     [D]   Questions
             [1]  What does John’s answer to his disciples tell us about him?
             [2]  Where was John’s primary focus?
             [3]  What is our focus to be on?

II.   
John 4:1-6
     1.   When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than
           John,
     2.   (Though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples,)
     3.   He left Judea, and departed again into Galilee.
     4.   And he must needs go through Samaria.
     5.   Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his
           son Joseph.
     6.   Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was
           about the sixth hour.        

     [A]   Verse 1
             [1]  Who were the Pharisees?
                     [a]  They were the religious leaders of the day.
                     [b]  They were strict adherers to the law
                     [c]  They were a part of the Jewish ruling party, and enforced the laws

     [B]   Verse 2
             [1]  This is a very interesting note. Jesus did not baptize, but instead his disciples did the baptizing.
             [2]  Why do you think that Jesus had them do the baptizing instead of himself?
                     [a]  Matthew Henry’s Commentary states
                             Jesus applied himself more to preaching, which was the more excellent,  than to baptism.
                     [b]  He put honor on his disciples, by employing them to baptize instead of himself - thus showing that
                             they were important and were a part of his ministry as well.
                     [c]  By doing so, He teaches us that the benefit of the sacraments depends not on the hand that
                             administers them, but on the one who sends them.
             [3]  I believe that it goes even deeper than this as well.
                     [a]  Jesus came into the world to take the sins of the world away.
                     [b]  His job was yet to be fulfilled, and yet to come
                     [c]  In the meantime, he had much teaching and preaching to do
                     [d]  The disciples on the other hand, were learning, and being instructed, the best instruction is hands on
                             instruction, he was allowing them this opportunity, and by doing do, they would understand what his
                             death and resurrection meant when it happened.

     [C]   Verses three and four
             [1]  Jesus headed back to Galilee
             [2]  To get there, he had two choices, he could pass through Samaria, which was the short route, or he could
                     go around Samaria which was the long one
                     [a]  There was a great hatred between the Jews and the Samaritans one which dated back many
                              hundreds of years, and continues even today with the Palestinians.                
                     [b]  If you remember, after the time of Solomon, Israel was divided, Ten of the tribes of Israel became the
                             Kingdom of  Israel, and two became the Kingdom of Judah
                     [c]  Israel was for the most part very wicked, following false gods and doing sinful things, whereas, Judah,
                             for a long time followed God.
                     [d]  Israel and Judah fought many wars against each other, and some alongside the other.
                     [e]   IN 722 BC, Israel was defeated by the Assyrians, because God ordained it as a punishment for their
                             sins. Many were killed, and many carried off into captivity. Others were left in the land of Israel which
                             eventually became Samaria, named after the Capital city.  After the deportation of the ten tribes, the
                             land was colonized by various eastern tribes, whom the king of Assyria sent there for that purpose.
                             The Israelites, intermarried with these eastern tribes, and with those in the lands where they were
                             carried. As a result, they were no longer pure, and were a mixes bread of people, something which
                             God had commanded them not to do. Because of this, the Jews hated them, and would have
                             nothing to do with them.  
                     [f]   Most Jewish people who wished to get from Judea, to Galilee would not go through Samaria, but
                             would travel many miles to go around it. Even if they were to pass through the land, they would not
                             speak to a Samarian or interact with them in any way.
             [3]  Jesus, on the other hand, chose to pass through the land of Samaria, and as we will see later on, talked to
                     a woman and eventually the whole town.
     
     [D]   Verses 5-6
             [1]  As the journeyed, they came to a well that Jacob had dug many years ago.
             [2]  It was the sixth hour, around noon, and Jesus was tired, so he sat down at the well.
             [3]  In verse eight we see that the disciples had left him to purchase some food for them to eat, leaving Jesus   
                     alone to rest.         

III.  
John 4:7-15
     7.   There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink.
     8.   (For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)
     9.   Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of which am a woman
             of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.
     10. Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to
     drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
     11. The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou
             that living water?
     12. Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and
             his cattle?
     13. Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:
     14. But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him
             shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
     15. The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.

     [A]  As Jesus sat there, a woman came out to draw water.
             [1]  Jesus asked her to give him a drink of water

     [B]  This confused the woman, him asking her this
             [1]  Why was she confused?

     [C]   Verse 10
             [1]  What did Jesus mean, he could give here living water?
             [2]  What is the Living Water he spoke of?
             [3]  How do we get it?

     [D]  Again the woman is confused -
             [1]  How can you give me water when you have nothing to draw water with                
             [2]  If you can draw water, why did you ask me for a drink?

     [E]  Verse 13-14
             [1]  Whosoever drinketh of this water will thirst again - he was referring to the well
             [2]  Whosoever drinks of the living water will never thirst again?
                     [a]  What did he mean by this?
                     [b]  How can the living water keep one from thirsting again?
                     [c]  Was he speaking of a physical thirst or a spiritual thirst?

     [F]  Verse 15
             [1]  The woman then asked for the living water Jesus could offer

IV   
John 4:16-26
     16. Jesus saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither.
     17. The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no
             husband:
     18. For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly.
     19. The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.
     20. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.
     21. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at
             Jerusalem, worship the Father.
     22. Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
     23. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for
             the Father seeketh such to worship him.
     24. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
     25. The woman saith unto him, I know that Messiah cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us    
             all things.
     26. Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.

     [A]  Verses 16-18
             [1]   Jesus told the woman to go and get here husband
             [2]  The woman told him that she was not married.
             [3]  Jesus knew here heart and knew that she had been married five times and was now living with a man she
                     was not married to.
                     [a]  How did Jesus know this?
                     [b]  What can you or I hide from Jesus?

     [B]  Then they get into a discussion on Worship and where worship it supposed to take place
             [1]  The Samaritans worshipped on one particular mountain, whereas the Jews worshipped in Jerusalem
             [2]  She asked Jesus, where do you say we are to worship?
                     [a]  What was Jesus’ answer?
                             [1]  But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit
                                     and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. God is a Spirit: and they that worship
                                     him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
                     [b]  What did he mean by worshipping in the spirit and in truth?
                     [c]  What is different between this type of worship and the worship they were doing at that time?
                     [d]  How do we worship in the Spirit?
                     [e]  How do we worship in the truth?

     [C]  Verses 25-26
             [1]  Just like those from Judea, the Samaritans were also looking for the messiah to come.         
             [2]  Jesus told the woman that he was he who that awaited

V  Conclusion
     [A] There are several things we can conclude from this study. I want to present them to you in the form of a
             question.
     [B]  Was Jesus prejudice in any way?
     [C]  Why would he choose to go through a land that all the Jewish people hated and take the time to speak to a
             woman who was a Samaritan?
     [D]  Why would Jesus take the time to speak to a woman, and tell her about the living water ,when she was living in
             adultery and after she had been married to five different men?  
     [E]   If Jesus did this, then what should our attitude be towards people that are outcast in society?
     [F]   What should our attitude be towards people who are sinning?
     [G]  What should be do when others think that we should not try to help certain people find the saving Grace of
             Christ?