THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON THIRTY

John 12:37-41
     37. But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:
     38. That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report?
           and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?
     39. Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
     40. He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand
           with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
     41. These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.

     [A]  I continue to find it very hard to believe that these people who had seen him perform so many miracles, still did
             not believe in Jesus, yet this is what we see here in verse thirty-seven.
     
     [B]  Verse thirty-eight - forty
             [1] Turn with me to Isaiah 53:  
                
     Isaiah 53
                     1.   Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?
                     2.   For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a ground: he hath no form nor
                           comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
                     3.   He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief and we hid as it were
                           our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
                     4.   Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of
                           God, and afflicted.
                     5.   But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our
                           peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
                     6.   All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid
                           on him the iniquity of us all.
                     7.   He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the
                           slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
                     8.   He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off
                           out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
                     9.   And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no
                           violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
                     10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an
                           offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall
                           prosper in his hand.
                     11. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous
                           servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
                     12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong;
                           because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and
                           he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors        
            [2]  Isn’t it amazing that God, gave Isaiah this prophecy hundreds of years before Christ was born, and every bit
                     of it was accurate?
            [3]   Verse forty gives us a clue as to why the people did not believe in Jesus
                    [a]  God had hardened their heart.
                    [b]  He had blinded their eyes
                    [c]  He did not allow them to see and believe, because he wanted them to have the same challenge and
                             the same opportunity to believe as we do, in faith, rather than by sight

John 12:42-47
     42. Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not
             confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:
     43. For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
     44. Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.
     45. And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me.
     46. I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
     47. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save
             the world.

     [A] According to verse forty-two, some of the chief rulers did believe on him.
             [1]  They believed on him but did not confess him for fear of the Pharisees
             [2]  If anyone professed belief in Jesus, they were put out of the synagouge

     [B]  Verse forty three
             [1]  The Pharisees loved the praises of men more than the praises of God,
             [2]  What does this verse mean? What does it mean to love the praises of men more than the praises of God?
             [3]  Is that still a problem in the church today?

     [C]  Verse forty-four and forty-five
             [1]  Jesus said that those who believe on him, believe on him that sent him
                     [a]  What does this statement mean?
             [2]  He also said in verse forty-five, if you have seen him you have seen the one who sent him                
                     [a]  What does this verse mean?
                     [b]  How were they to see God when we saw Jesus?
             [3]  We are children of God, and followers of Christ?
                     [a]  What should people see when they look at us?

     [D]  Verse forty-seven
             [1]  If anyone does not believe his words, he would not judge them, for that was not the purpose for his
                     coming.                                 
                     [a]  What did Jesus come for?
                     [b]  Who will judge man for believing or not believing in Jesus?

John 13:1
     1.   Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this
          world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

     [A]  As you may have noticed, John skips much of the story of Jesus, and goes right to the meat of his life.
             [1]  In the other scriptures, we would have seen how Jesus sent his disciples ahead to find a room for them to   
                     have the Passover meal together
             [2]  They were to go into the city and there they were to follow a certain man carrying a certain thing and they
                     were to go to his house and prepare the feast for themselves and the Lord.
             [3]  What feast am I referring to here?
                     [a]  The Passover
             [4]  What was the Passover feast, and what did it represent.
                     [a]  The Passover feast was a feast God told the Children of Israel to keep, in order to remember what he
                             did for them in Egypt.
             [5]  Why was it called the Passover
                     [a]  The Children of Israel as per God’s command, painted the doorpost or their houses with blood from
                             the Passover lamb, and the angel of Death passed over them who had the mark, and only destroyed
                             the firstborn of those who did not have it.

     [B]  
Exodus 11: 4-7
             4.   And Moses said, Thus saith the Lord, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt:
             5.   And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne,
                   even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill and all the firstborn of beasts.
             6.   And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be
                   like it any more.
             7.   But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may
                   know how that the Lord doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.

     [C]  
Exodus 12:1-30
             1.   And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying,
             2.   This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
             3.   Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them
                   every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a house:
             4.   And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it
                   according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
             5.   Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the
                   goats:
             6.   And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the
                   congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
             7.   And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the
                   houses, wherein they shall eat it.
             8.   And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they
                   shall eat it.
             9.   Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the
                   purtenance thereof.
             10. And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye
                   shall burn with fire.
             11. And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye
                   shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord's passover.
             12. For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both
                   man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord.
             13. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will
                   pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
             14. And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your
                   generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
             15. Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses:
                   for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from
                   Israel.
             16. And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy
                   convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that
                   only may be done of you.
             17. And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies
                   out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.
             18. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one
                   and twentieth day of the month at even.
             19. Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened,
                   even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.
             20. Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.
             21. Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according
                    to your families, and kill the passover.
             22. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and
                   the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house
                   until the morning.
             23. For the Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon  the lintel, and on
                   the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your
                   houses to smite you.
             24. And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.
             25. And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the Lord will give you, according as he hath
                   promised, that ye shall keep this service.
             26. And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?
             27. That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of
                   Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head
                   and worshipped.
             28. And the children of Israel went away, and did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
             29. And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn
                   of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the
                   firstborn of cattle.
             30. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry
                   in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
             [1]  This is the account of the Passover -
             [2]  A feast similar to the one described here would have been what Jesus and his disciples were celebrating.
             [3]  What celebration in the Church do we do, to celebrate the Passover
                     [a]  The Love Feast

     [D]  The account of the Passover has many things that pertain to Christianity in it. What are they?
             [1]  A perfect lamb had to die - that lamb was Jesus
             [2]  Blood on the doorpost - The covering of our sins by the blood of Jesus
             [3]  When the angel seen the blood he passed over that house - Those who are under the blood Jesus, will be
                     given eternal life and will not face spiritual death.
             [4]  The supper had to be prepared just a certain way, with only enough for the family to eat- Unless we are      
                     prepared, and unless we have made the proper arrangements, we will not be allowed to go with Jesus
                     when he comes. His salvation has to be intact, you can’t have too much, nor too little. When he saves
                     you, you are saved, and his salvation is yours to claim forever.
             [5]  Eat fully dresses with your shoes on - We do not know when Jesus is coming, so we must be prepared to
                     leave at any time, having our house all in order, and we must be packed and ready to go        
             [6]  All the bread was to be unleavened - leaven was an impurity added to dough to make it rise- we must keep
                     the impurities of sin out of our heart and out of our soul. We must be holy even as God is holy so that we
                     are ready to meet him when he comes
             [7]  God smote the firstborn sons in all the land of Egypt - He gave his only begotten son to be a sacrifice for
                     our sin, so that we could have life.

     [E]  Everything that God told the Children of Israel to do was a matter of fact command. They did what he told them
             and they lived. If they would not have done as he told them, they would have had their firstborn killed even as
             the Egyptians did.
             [1]  What does this tell you about the things we are commanded by God to do?
             [2]  What does this tell you about those who refuse to believe in Jesus?
             [3]  What does this tell you about obedience to the things Christ told us to do?