In our last lesson, we looked at Jesus riding into Jerusalem on the back of a donkey, and the people lining the
streets giving him praise as he passed by them. This evening we are going to pick up the story where we left off last
time, with Jesus in Jerusalem. The Feast of the Passover is about to take place. Tens even hundreds of thousands
of people have come to Jerusalem, people from many nations, speaking many different tongues. Some of these
people are Jews who were living in other countries, even from the time of their ancestors captivity, when they were
carried off from Israel, some who had moved to other places to escape wars and famines, while still others were
people who were converted to Judaism. Then there was those whom, it was believed were considered gentile, or
non believers, yet came to pay homage to the God of Israel. There were literally all kinds of people with all kinds of
beliefs present, and this was the people whom Jesus was walking among during his last days before being crucified.

John 12: 20-22  
     20. And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast:
     21. The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we
           would see Jesus.
     22. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.

     [A]  Here we find some of those who I as Just talking about.
             [1]  They were Greeks,
             [2]  It is possible that they were Jews who had somehow gone to or had been carried off to Greece and
                     were still living there
             [3]  It is possible that they were converts to the Jewish faith
                     [a]  This was not a uncommon thing for people be converted to Judaism
                     [b]  Wherever there was a group of Jews living, regardless of the town of community, they built a
                             synagogue to worship God.
                     [c]  If there were only a small number, and they had no synagogue to worship, they were required to
                             meet beside a river or lake and there worship God, but if the number was sufficient, they were
                             to build a synagogue, therefore, their presence was known among the people and converts
                             were often made    
             [4]  It is also possible that these Greeks were Gentiles, unbelievers, who had come to bring presents,
                    sacrifices, and offerings to the temple. Many of these Gentiles attended the great feasts of the Jews.
                     Hence the outer court of the temple was called the court of the Gentiles.
             [5]  There is no way to know which of the three it was who wanted to see Jesus, but apparently, they had
                     heard of Jesus and wanted to speak to him
     [B]  I believe is was honorable that these Greeks wanted to see Jesus, bur I wonder what their motives were
             [1]  Had they heard of his miracles and wanted to see one themselves?
             [2]  Had they heard the commotion and possible even seen Jesus coming into Jerusalem riding on the
                     Donkey as the people shouted Hosanna and called him the King of the Jews?
             [3]  Were they wanting to speak to Jesus in order to find favor in his sight when he set up his kingdom in
     [C]  Never then less, they approached Phillip and told him they wanted to speak to Jesus, Philip then told
             Andrew, and together they went to Jesus and told him.
             [1]  It would almost seem that the disciples were screening who was allowed to talk to Jesus.

John 12:23-26
     23. And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.
     24. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone but if it die,
           it bringeth forth much fruit.
     25. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto lif eternal.
     26. If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve
           me, him will my Father honour.
     [A]  Isn’t it interesting that we find no record that Jesus talked to the men for Greece?
             [1]  Maybe because he was preparing for what was going to take place
             [2]  Maybe because as he said in another passage, he was sent to the lost sheep of Israel
             [3]  Maybe because they were not true believers

     [B]  Verse twenty-three
             [1]  Numerous times we have seen the statement, that it was not his time, and his time was not yet come -
                     but that has now changed, and Jesus said The Hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.
             [2]  What did he mean by this statement?
                     [a]  He would be glorified through his death and resurrection from the dead
                     [b]  He would be glorified because people would know that he was truly the son of God.

     [C]   Verse twenty-four
             [1]  A corn. - A grain.
             [2]  Wheat. - Any kind of grain -- wheat, barley, &c. The word includes all grain of this kind.
             [3]  Into the ground. -  Be buried in the earth, so as to be accessible by the proper moisture.
             [4]  And die
                     [a]  The whole body or substance of the grain, except for the germ, dies in the earth and
                     [b]  This decomposing gives the tender germ of the seed it’s first nourishment -- a  nutriment
                             wonderfully adapted just for that plant germ, and fitted to nourish it until it becomes vigorous
                             enough to derive its support entirely from the ground.                 
                     [c]  In this God has shown his wisdom and goodness.  Nothing is more fitted for another than this
                             provision made in the grain itself for the future wants of the tender germ.
             [5]  Unless the seed is planted,
                     [a]   It abideth alone.
                     [b]  Produces no fruit and there is no rich and beautiful harvest.
             [6]  What does all of this have to do with Jesus?
                     [a]  Unless he die
                     [b]  Unless he was buried in the tomb
                     [c]   Unless he was resurrected from the dead
                     [d]  There could be no new life for us.

     [D]  Verse twenty-five
             [1]  Jesus changes gears here and moved from talking about himself to talking about the responsibility of
                     his followers.
             [2]  To what was Jesus talking about in verse twenty-five
                     [a]  Any man who places his hope and trust in himself, and loves the things of the world, will lost his
                             opportunity to have eternal life. Anyone who places their trust in riches and the thing of this
                             world will receive the only rewards they will receive from the things they have accumulated while
                             on earth.
                     [b]  He that hateth his life, will keep it, in other words, he who does not put look to the things of this
                             world or to himself for security, but instead puts his life and faith in Jesus Christ, knowing that
                             only thorough Jesus can one be saved, will inherit eternal life.
                     [c]  To have eternal life, we must die to the things of the world and cling to the things of God.

     [E]   Verse twenty-six
             [1]  This verse tells us exactly what we must do if we want to inherit eternal life.
                     [a]  We must follow Jesus
                     [b]  We must serve Jesus
             [2]  When we honor Jesus and serve him, we are with him and he with us
                     [a]  Where he is, we are
                     [b]  Where we are he is.

John 12: 27-33
     27. Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I
           unto this hour.
     28. Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will
           glorify it again.
     29. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to

     [A]  Verse twenty-seven
             [a]  Jesus knew that his time was come
             [b]  He knew that he was about to suffer and die, yet that was why he came into the world
             [c]  Yet he had an anguish in his soul for what was about to happen
             [d]  He said  - “my soul is troubled”
                     [1]  Can you imagine the thoughts that were going through Jesus’ mind                                 
                     [2]  He knew that he was going to be arrested
                     [3]  He knew that Judas was going to betray him
                     [4]  He knew that the disciples would all run away from him
                     [5]  He knew that Peter would deny him
                     [6]  He knew that he would be falsely accused
                     [7]  He knew that he would be placed on trial
                     [8]  He knew that he would be mocked and ridiculed
                     [9]  He knew that he would be beaten
                     [10]  He knew that he would be forced to carry his cross
                     [11]  He knew that he would be crucified
                     [12]  He knew that he would be buried in a borrowed tomb                        
                     [13]  He knew that he would rise again
                     [14]  His heart was troubled because he was 100% man and his suffering was no different than ours
                             suffering, his pain no different than the pain we endue.

     [B] Verse twenty-eight
             [a]  Jesus called out to God, Father, Glorify thy name
                     [1]  Jesus was not seeking glory for himself
                     [2]  Everything that Jesus did he did for the Father so that he could be glorified
             [b]  After Jesus spoke, God the father spoke as well
                     [1]  I have glorified it
                     [2]  I will glorify it again

John 12:30-33
     30. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.
     31. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.
     32. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.
     33. This he said, signifying what death he should die.                

     [A]  Verse thirty
             [1]  God the Father spake in an audible voice to Christ his Son:
                     [a]  It was for his consolation, and the people's confirmation.
                     [b]  Christ’s soul was troubled and he stood in need of his Father:
                     [c]  The people had a confirmation that Christ was the Messiah, so they might believe in him,  
             [2]  This voice came not because of me:
                     [a]  The voice came to confirm your faith
                     [b]  The voice came because he was the Son of God, by whom the Father hath glorified, and will
                             further glorify his name.
     [B]   31. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.
             [1]  The judgment of this world;  
                     [a]  His death was the overthrow of the devil
                     [b]  Jesus’ death and resurrection brought sin,
                     [c]  Jesus delivered the world from the dominion of sin and from Satan.
              [2]  Satan is the prince and ruler of all those who live in sin; but for those who believe in and follow Jesus,
                     they have been freed from the bondage of sin, and Satan has no dominion over them
              [3]  Through the death of Jesus, Satan was dethroned and deprived of his kingdom and his control over

     [C]  Verse - 32. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.
             [1]  There is a twofold lifting up of Christ:
                     [a]  When he was hung upon the cross;
                     [b]  In the preaching of the gospel today
             [2]  By this, Christ draws all men unto him;
                     [a]  Through preaching of the gospel, he calls and invites all persons to himself;
                     [b]  He offers the benefits of his death to everyone and gathers a church to himself out of the Gentile
                             as well as the Jewish world.
             [3]  Mankind is naturally unwilling to come to Christ, so they must be drawn.
             [4]  Through his death and the preaching of the gospel, He draws sinners unto himself.

John 12:34
     34. The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou,
            The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?        

     [A] Here we can see the confusion that the people had
             [1]  They believed him to be the Messiah
             [2]  They believed that he had come to set them free
             [3]  The Messiah was to live forever
             [4]   Jesus, whom they believed to be the Son of Man, the Messiah, told them that the Son of Man must be
                     lifted up
             [5] If Jesus wasn’t the Son of Man, then who was?

     [B]  Jesus when they were starting to believe, they had doubts placed in their mind

John 12:35-36
     35. Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness
           come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.        
     36. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spak Jesus, and
           departed, and did hide himself from them.

     [A] Verse 35.  Yet a little while is the light with you.
             [1]  Jesus did not reply directly to their questions.
             [2]  He saw that they were offended by the mention of his death, so he tried to show them the same things
             [3]  He tells them,
                     [a]  The light will be with you a little while,
                     [b]  They had better take the opportunity while they had a chance to have it.
             [4]  Who was the light that Jesus spoke of?
             [5]  Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you
                     [a]  Lest God should take away his mercies,
                     [b] Lest God should remove all light and instruction from you, leaving you ignorant, blind, and full of
             [6]  This same advice is for man today even as it was for the Jews at that time
                     [a]  Unless we receive the light,
                     [b]  Unless we walk in the light
                     [c]  We will walk in darkness
                     [d]  To walk in darkness is to be eternally lost

     [B]  Verse  - 36.  While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things
             spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
             [1]  While ye have the light implied two things:
                     [a]  He was the light, the Messiah come down from heaven.
                     [b]  He was soon to be taken out of the world by death.  
             [2]  He was encouraging them to believe in the light. That is, in the Messiah, who is the light of the world.
             [3]  That ye may be the children of the light
                     [a]  That ye may the friends of Jesus
                     [b]  That ye may be followers of the Messiah.
             [4]  Then he hid himself from them.  
                     [a]   He went out to Bethany, where he often passed the night