“THE GOSPEL OF JOHN”
LESSON TWENTY-FOUR

John 10:1-5
     1.   Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other
           way, the same is a thief and a robber.
     2.   But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
     3.   To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name and leadeth
           them out.        
     4.   And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his
           voice.
     5.   And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

Verse one - Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some
     other way, the same is a thief and a robber
     [A]   “Verily, verily, I say unto you.”
             [1]  In these verses, we find Jesus continuing his discourse, which we began looking at in the previous
                     chapter.
             [2]  The Pharisees considered themselves to the guides and the shepherds of the people.
             [3]  If you remember, in the close of the last chapter, Jesus charged the Pharisees, of being blind, which
                     would make them unqualified to lead the people.
             [4]  In chapter ten, he states the character of a true shepherd  
            
     [B]  “He entereth not by the door into the sheepfold.”
             [1]  The sheepfold was an enclosure which was made out in fields where the sheep were brought at night to
                     defend them from robbers, wolves, &c.
             [2]  It was not covered, because the seasons in Judea were very mild. By the figure
             [3]  The only proper to enter the fold was through the door,
            
     [C]  “But climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.”
             [1] Anyone who entered into the fold any other way except through the door, would have been entering into
                     it to steal of to destroy the sheep

Verse two -  But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.   
     [A]  Look ahead with me to verse nine
  
            John 10:9
              9.   I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
              
     [B]  This is a factor we must look at and understand in order to completely understand what Jesus was speaking
             of in the verses we are looking at.
             [1]  First - we must remember that Jesus was talking to the Pharisees, who believed themselves to be the
                     shepherd to the people of Israel        
             [2]  Secondly - Jesus had just rebuked them calling them blind, making them unable to lead the people.
                     [a]  Why did he say they were blind? -
                             [1-a]  Because they could not see the truth,
                             [2-a]  The would not believe that Jesus was the Messiah even thought  everything he did pointed
                                     to his being Him        
                             [3-a]  They were blinded by their own beliefs, and unwilling to hear the truth because of their
                                     pride          
             [3]  Jesus, in this discourse was not referring to himself as the shepherd, instead he was referring to himself
                     as being the door
                     [a]  This has a duel meaning
             [4]  As he so commonly did, Jesus uses things the people understood to explain something else
                     [a]  The sheepfold - was a common thing in Israel - It was well known by everyone
             [5]  In this discourse, what did the Sheepfold represent?
                     [a]  To the Pharisees, it would have meant the Jewish faith and the temple
                     [a]  What it actually meant was the Church founded on Jesus Christ.
             [6]  Who then were the Shepherds?
                     [a]  To the Jew, it was the Leaders of the Temple, the Scribes and Pharisees, along with the Priest and
                             Levites.
                     [b]  To us it is the preachers and teachers in the Church who are to look after the flock of God

Verse three - To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and
     leadeth them out      
     [A]   “To him the porter openeth.”
             [1] The porter was a doorkeeper.
             [2]   The more wealthy Jews employed some person to take charge of the flock, watching over them at night.
            
     [B]  “The sheep hear his voice.” The voice of the shepherd.
             [1]  A flock can readily discern the voice of one who attends them.  
             [2]  The meaning here is: people of God will be willing to listen to the instructions of one who is appointed by
                     Christ, who preaches pure doctrines, and shows real love for the church.  
              
     [C]  “He calleth his own sheep by name.”
             [1]  It was customary then, and it is still is where there are shepherds who tend sheep, for the shepherd to
                     give particular names to their sheep.
             [2]  By doing this, the sheep learn to regard the voice of the shepherd.
             [3]  By this Jesus indicates that it is the duty of a minister to seek an intimate and personal relationship with
                     the people of his charge and to feel a real interest in them as individuals,
             [4]  He is not merely to address them, but he is to learn their private wants; meet with them in their individual
                     trials.
             
     [D]  “Leadeth them out.”
             [1]  In the time of Jesus, the shepherd, would call out to his sheep, and they followed him. Even if they were
                     in a herd with other sheep, when their master called them, they left the others and followed
             [2]  In the morning, the Shepherd called out to the sheep and they followed him out to where he had
                     prepared a place for them to pasture for the day, and where they could find water to drink,                 
             [3]  It is the duty of a pastor to lead his congregation, to provide suitable instruction for the people of his
                     charge, and to feed them with the bread of life.
            
     [E]  It wasn’t enough for the Scribes and Pharisees, to walk around with their head in the air, believing they had all
             the answers, and feeling they were better then everyone else,  even Jesus. What they lacked was a love for
             the sheep, and a desire to see them cared for, and made better.

Verse four - And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know
     his voice.        
    
     [A]  The shepherd led his sheep, showing them the way and picking the safest way for them to follow,
    
     [B]   A shepherd spent basically all of his time with the flocks.
             [1]  He went before them to seek the best pastures and watering places,
             [2]  He defended them from danger.
           
     [C]  This shows us that a pastor must be a part of the flock and care for it intimately
             [1]  He has to be a leader
             [2]  He has to show by example
             [3]  He has to defend the flock from the evil one
             [4]  He must watch out for the souls he must give account for.

Verse five - And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.     
     [A]  This was the way of the sheep, they recognized the voice of the shepherd and followed only him. When he
             called out to them that followed, because they trusted him and knew that he cared for them

John 10:6
     6.   This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto
           them.

     [A]  So much of what Jesus told the Scribes and the Pharisees they failed to understand. This was yet another of
             those instances.

     [B]  Even today, much of what Jesus said, is not understood by the majority of people.
            [1]  Even though much of what Jesus said in parables to the Pharisees, we have understanding of, many still
                     fail to hear or believe what he was saying

     [C]  We know that the parable Jesus gave them referred to the leaders of the people, the shepherds of the flocks
             of God, yet even today, many who are in the pulpits and who are teachers and preachers were not called of
             God, but instead are there for the prestige and position they receive from it.

John 10:7-10
     7.   Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.
     8.   All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
     9.   I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
     10. The thief cometh not, but for to steal, to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they
           might have it more abundantly.  

Verse seven - .   Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.
     [A]  Jesus continues his  discourse, be saying I am the door to the sheep
    
     [B]  This statement holds a lot of meaning.
             [1]  What is a door for?
                     [a]  To enter in
                     [b]  To shut out
                     [c]   To keep safe
             [2]  Who is the door to the sheepfold - to the place where the sheep can find safety?
                     [a]  It is Jesus
             [3]  When referring to the day in which we live, who or what is the sheep?
                     [a]  The people who make up the Church,  

Verse eight - All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
     [A]  “All that ever came before me.”  
             [1]  This doesn’t refer to the prophets, but to those who came pretending to be the pastors or guides of the
                     people.        
             [2]  It also was referring to the scribes and Pharisees, who claimed to be instructors of the people, and
                     claimed the right to regulate the affairs of religion, and whose only aim was to aggrandize themselves
                     and to oppress the people
    
     [B]   “Thieves and robbers“
             [1]   
Jeremiah 23:1
                    1.  Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture;"
             [3]   
Ezekiel 34:2-3:
                     2.  Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the
                          Lord God unto the shepherds; Woe be to the  shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should
                         not the shepherds  feed the flocks?
                     3.  Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: but ye feed not the flock.
                    [a]  This was the general character of the Pharisees and scribes.
                    [b]  They sought wealth, office, and ease at the expense of the people,
                    [c]   Thus they deserved the character of thieves and robbers.
    
     [C]  “But the sheep did not hear them.”
             [1]  The sheep are he people of God--the pious and humble portion of the Jewish nation the true believers.
             [2]  Even though the great mass of the people were corrupted, there were always some who was the humble
                     and devoted people of God.
             [3]   Even so today
                    [a]  Even though the great mass of teachers are corrupt, the true friends of God will mourn in secret
                             places, and refuse to "listen to the instruction that causeth one to err."

Verse nine - I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
     [A]  “I am the door“
             [1]  Jesus said that he was the door to the sheepfold
                     [a]  There was usually but one door into the sheepfold
                     [b]  That door was the only way in and the only way out, except over the wall, or over the brush that was
                             piled up to make the sheepfold,
                     [c]  At night the shepherd, lay himself across the door, and anything or anyone entering into the
                             sheepfold had to pass over him - thus he protected his sheep.
                     [d]  As he lay in the doorway, he was close enough to the sheep to hear any problem that the sheep
                             might have and arise to help them,          
                     [e]  The Shepherd was the guard in the door, and Jesus was the door.
             [2]  Jesus is the door of the sheep, and he is also the door into heaven
            
         John 14:6
                     6.   Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by
                           me.
                    [a] Not only is Jesus the door, he is the only door into heaven through which man can enter in, He is the
                             only way by which we can enter into the presence of God.
                    [b]  Remember what I said about the shepherd lying in the door of the sheepfold. That too is the job of
                             the pastors and leaders of the Church. They are to place  themselves in a position where they can
                             protect the flock and keep them safe for Jesus
                            [1-a]  When there is false doctrine being taught, they are to rebuke it and set the matter right.
                            [2-a]  If the members of the church, the sheep, are acting in ways that are not beneficial to the
                                     flock, he is to set that member right.
                            [3-a]  It is his responsibility to study God’s word and learn the truth of the scriptures, then teach it  
                                     to his people
                            [4-a]  He should be living his life in such a manor that the flock can look at him and see how they
                                     are to live their lives
                            [5-a]  He is to be a barrier between the flock and the world, making sure that the right things are
                                     taught, and the right things believed.
                            [6-a]  He by the power of the Holy Spirit is to lead the flock to the door, and show them to way to
                                     enter in.
    
     [b]  “By me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.”
             [1] Jesus on the other hand is the door, and much more
             [2]  Unless one finds the door, they will never find peace
             [3]  That is the pasture Jesus is speaking of, the peace that comes when one had him, when nothing else
                     matters, when one knows that he is there all the time and watching out for you.

Verse ten - “The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and
     that they might have it more abundantly.”                 
     [A]  “The enemy cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy        
             [1]  Satan has many false beliefs and doctrines in the world today
             [2]  There are literally thousands of false religions
             [3]  Some of them are obvious and easy to determine, whereas others are clothed in sheep’s wool making
                     them appear to be godly when they are not.
             [4] Satan, the thief, has no desire for your soul, other than to steal you away from God, so he cannot have
                     you.
             [5]  His desire is to see the children of God destroyed, and torn away form God for all eternity.
    
     [B]   “Jesus come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.”
             [1]  Jesus is the exact opposite of Satan
             [2]  Satan wants to Kill, Jesus wants to heal
             [3]  Satan wants to destroy - Jesus wants to mend
             [4]  Satan really don’t want anyone - Jesus desires that none should perish and that all would live with him
                     eternally
             [5]  Satan wants to see all mankind punished - Jesus died that we will not have to be punished
             [6]  Satan accuses us before God - Jesus is our intercessor before God.