THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON TWENTY-TWO

     In the last lesson we began looking at the account of Jesus anointing a blind man’s eyes with dirt mixed with spit.
After anointing his eyes, Jesus told him to go to the pool of Siloam. When the blind man did as he was told, he
received his sight, and was able to see for the first time in his life. We left off with verse seven last time, but I want us
to go back and read again those verses so that we are prepared to continue with verse eight.

John 9:1-7
    1.   And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.
    2.   And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind?
    3.   Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made
          manifest in him.
    4.   I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
    5.   As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
    6.   When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes
          of the blind man with the clay,
    7.   And said unto him, Go, wash in the pool of Siloam, (which is by interpretation, Sent.) He went his way
          therefore, and washed, and came seeing.
    
     [A]  If you remember, I mentioned last time that this man is the only account of any healing Jesus did, that the
             person had been born blind.
    
     [B]  Also last time we talked about the disciples wondering if the man was born blind because of his own sin, or
             because of his parents
    
     [C]  Also last time, I mentioned to you that this particular instance is the only one in which Jesus used any thing
             other than a command to heal someone.

John 9:8-15
     8.   The neighbors therefore, and they which before had seen him that he was blind, said, Is not this he that sat
           and begged?
     9.   Some said, This is he: others said, He is like him: but he said, I am he.
     10. Therefore said they unto him, How were thine eyes opened?
     11. He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me,
           Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight.
     12. Then said they unto him, Where is he? He said, I know not.
     13. They brought to the Pharisees him that aforetime was blind.
     14. And it was the Sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes.
     15. Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay
           upon mine eyes, and I washed, and do see.

Verse eight
     [A]  After Jesus anointed the man’s eyes with the dirt he had mixed into mud with his spit, he sent the man to
             the pool of Siloam to wash.
    
     [B]  The man, in faith, went to the pool and washed his eyes, and he began to see for the first time in his entire
             life.
    
     [C]  Can you imagine the excitement he must have had to see for the first time in his life, to see the sunshine,
             to see people, to see buildings and all that was around him for his entire life that he had never seen
             before.
            [1]  I wonder if he was jumping up and down screaming and shouting?
            [2]  I wonder if he was stopping everyone he seen and telling them he could see?
            [3]  One has to wonder what he did, and how he reacted, yet I cannot help but believe he was overjoyed
                     and would not have been able to contain his joy.
      
     [D]  Never the less, His friends and neighbors knew the man, they had seen him feeling his way through the
             streets as he traveled to the temple and so on for years.
    
     [E]  We know very little about the man,
            [1]  It’s possible that he begged from alms along the street
            [2]  It’s possible that he was helped along by some who was watching him as he came from the pool seeing

     [A] Verse nine
             [1]  Some of the people believed that it was the man they knew who was blind
             [2]  Other thought is was just somebody who looked like him
                     [a]  Have you ever seen someone you thought was someone else, because they looked so much like
                             them?       
             [3]  The Man who had been blind then told them, I am he -
                     [a]  I am the one who was blind
                     [b]  I am the one who you seen feeling his way along through town
                     [c]  I am the one who never seen the light of day before
                     [d]  I am the one who was never able to look at my mothers face or see a sunset
                     [e]  I am he!

     [B] Verse ten
             [1]  The people then asked him a question that most of us would have asked as well
                     [a]  How was your eyes opened
                     [b]  What happened to make you see
                     [c]  Tell us, we wan to know
             [2]   Question  
                     [a]  What is it about a miracle that is so hard to believe?
                     [b]  Why is it that people choose to doubt a miracle instead of believing it happened?
                     [c]  Often we hear of someone who has a medical problem, sometimes one that has been diagnosed
                             through a Dr’s examination, or even through something they see in an x-ray or shows up in
                             blood work, the person asked for prayer, we ask God to heal them, and they go back to the Dr
                             for more extensive test and the problem is no there. When this happens doubt enters our
                             minds, making us wonder if the person had a problem in the first place. Why are we so quick to
                             deny that the person was healed, and not give God credit for what he did?
             [3]  If you remember last time we met, we looked at how it was Jesus, who made everything, including Man,
                     and at how man was formed from the dust of the earth. I then mentioned to you that Jesus used the
                     same materials to place on the blind man’s eyes, and wondered if he actually mad new eyeballs for
                     him.
                     [a]  Look again at verse ten at what the people asked the man
                             [1-a]  How were thine eyes opened?
                             [2-a]  What did they mean by his eyes being opened?
                             [3-a]  What was going on with him, that they did not ask him, who made you see, instead of who
                                     opened your eyes?
                     [b]  This is s question we don’t have and answer too, yet it makes you wonder - doesn't it?

     [C] Verse eleven  
             [1]  His answer to the people was simple,
                     [a]  A man names Jesus made clay
                     [b]  He anointed my eyes
                     [c]  He told me to wash in the pool of Siloam
                     [d]  I washed and began to see.
             [2]  Isn’t it ironic that we find a man who was healed of blindness and doesn’t know anymore than this
                     about the one who healed him
             [3]  Questions
                     [a]  How could a man be healed by Christ and not know who he was?
                     [b]  Does a person have to be a born again Christian before God will heal them?

     [D] Verse twelve
             [1]  Why did he not know were Jesus was?
             `       [a]  Jesus put the mud on his eyes and told him go to the pool
                     [b]  He went his way and apparently Jesus went his way as well

     [E] Verse thirteen
             [1]  The people then took the man to the Pharisees
                     [a]  Why did they take him to the Pharisees?

     [F] Verse fourteen and fifteen
             [1]  Now comes the inevitable trouble for Christ.
                     [a]  It was the Sabbath day on which Jesus had made the clay and healed the man.                         
                     [b]   Undoubtedly Jesus had broken the Sabbath law  
             [2]  The scribes considered him guilty because of the following:
                     [a]  By making clay he had been guilty of working on the Sabbath when even the simplest acts
                             constituted work.
                     [b]  Here are some of the things which were forbidden on the Sabbath.
                             [1-a]  "A man may not fill a dish with oil and put it beside a lamp and put the end of the wick in it."
                             [2-a]  "If a man extinguishes a lamp on the Sabbath to spare the lamp or the oil or the wick, he is
                                     culpable."
                             [3-a]  "A man may not go out on the Sabbath with sandals shod with nails."                                 
                                     [a-1] The weight of the nails would have constituted a burden, and to carry a burden was
                                            to break the Sabbath.
                             [4-a]  A man might not cut his finger nails or pull a hair out of his head or his beard.
                             [5-a]  Obviously in the eyes of such a law to make clay was to work and so to break the Sabbath.
                    [c]  It was forbidden to heal on the Sabbath.
                             [1-a]  Medical attention could be given only if life was in actual danger. Even then it must be
                                     only such as to keep the patient from getting worse, not to make him any better.
                                     [a-1]  A man with toothache might not suck vinegar through his teeth.
                                     [a-2]  It was forbidden to set a broken limb.
                             [2-a]  "If a man's hand or foot is dislocated he may not pour cold water over it."                         
                             [3-a]  Clearly the man who was born blind was in no danger of his life; therefore Jesus broke the
                                     Sabbath when he healed him.
                    [d]   It was quite definitely laid down:
                            [1-a]  "As to fasting spittle, it is not lawful to put it so much as upon the eyelids."        
             [3]  Obviously, by healing the man, Jesus broke the Sabbath laws.
                    [a] Question
                            [1-a]  Do you think you could have lived under such laws?
             [4]   The Pharisees then asked him how he was able to see and who it was that healed him. He gave them
                     the same answer he gave the people.        
                    
John 9:16-17
     16. Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the sabbath day.
           Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them.
     17. They say unto the blind man again, What sayest thou of him, that he hath opened thine eyes? He said, He
           is a prophet.        

     [A]  The Pharisees are typical of the people in every generation who condemn anyone whose idea of religion is
             not the same as their own.

     [B]  They thought that their way, was the only way of serving God.

     [C]  Some of them thought otherwise and declared that no one who did the things Jesus did could be a sinner.
    
     [D]  They brought the man and examined him. When he was asked his opinion of Jesus, he gave it without
             hesitation. He said that Jesus was a prophet.
    
     [E]  Whatever else was, this was a brave man.
             [1]  He was well aware of what the Pharisees thought of Jesus.
             [2]  He knew quite well if he came out on Jesus' side he was certain to be excommunicated.                 
             [3]  But he made a statement and took his stand.
             [4] Questions:  
                     [a]  Why would he have stuck out his neck and said that Jesus was a prophet knowing that he would
                             probably be excommunicated?
                            
John 9:18-25
     18. But the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he had been blind, and received his sight, until they
           called the parents of him that had received his sight.
     19. And they asked them, saying, Is this your son, who ye say was born blind? how then doth he now see?
     20. His parents answered them and said, We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind:        
     21. But by what means he now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes, we know not: he is of age;
             ask him: he shall speak for himself.
     22. These words spake his parents, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had agreed already, that if any
            man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue.
     23. Therefore said his parents, He is of age; ask him.
     24. Then again called they the man that was blind, and said unto him, Give God the praise: we know that this
           man is a sinner.
     25. He answered and said, Whether he be a sinner or no, I know not: one thing I know, that, whereas I was
           blind, now I see.

     [A]  The Jews did not believe the man had actually been blind, or that he was healed, so they called his parents
             and asked them about it.

     [B] Verse nineteen
             [1]  The Jews asked his parents
                     [a]  Was your son born blind?
                     [b]  Is this your son?
                     [c]  How is it that he can now see?

     [C] Verses twenty and twenty-one
             [1]  The Parents answered the Jews
                     [a]  This is our son
                     [b]  He was born blind
                     [c]  But, we don’t know how it is that he can see
                     [d]  We don’t know who it was that healed him
                     [e]  He is of age, ask him.

     [D] Verse twenty-two and twenty-three
             [1]  The parents were careful what they said, because:
                     [a]   they feared the Jews        
                     [b]  The Jews had already agreed that anyone who confessed the Christ would be excommunicated
                             from the synagogue
             [2]  What did it mean to be excommunicated from the synagogue - or to put it as the King James states it,
                     to be put out of the synagogue?
                     [a]  There were two kinds of excommunication.
                             [1-a]  There was the ban, the cherem, by which a man was banished from the synagogue for life.
                                     [a-1]   In such a case he was publicly anathematized.
                                     [b-1]   He was cursed in the presence of the people,
                                     [c-1]   He was cut off from God and from man.
                             [2-a]  There was also a sentence of temporary excommunication
                                     [a-1]  This ban could last for a month, or for some other fixed period.                 
                     [b]  The terror of excommunication was such a situation that a Jew regarded it as being shut out, not
                             only from the synagogue but also from God.
                            [1-a]  This is why the man's parents answered that their son was quite old enough to be a legal
                                     witness and to answer his own questions.

     [E] Verse twenty four
             [1]  First the Jews did not believe that the man had actually been healed - they thought he was trying to    
                     trick them
             [2]  Then they began to browbeat him, and tell him to give glory to God for what he had done, not to some
                     man.
     
     [F] Verse twenty-five
             [1]  You have to love this man, who even though he knew what the consequences was, continued to give
                     Jesus the glory for what he had done         
             [2]  He said, I don’t know whether he was a sinner of not -
             [3]  What he did know, was that he was blind and now he could see
                     [a]  To the healed man, that was all that mattered
                     [b]  Being kicked out of the synagogue meant nothing to him
                     [c]  Not being called a Jew meant nothing to him.
                     [d]  He had been blind from birth and now, he was able to see for the first time in his entire life -         
             [4]  Isn’t it terrible that we find a man, who is so wonderfully and completely happy and the religious
                     leaders of his day tries to take his joy away?        
                     [a]  What made the man so bold?
                     [b]  Why was he willing to say what was right no matter what happened?
                     [c]  Why was his parents not willing to say anything to the Jews?