THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON SIXTEEN

     If you remember, the last time we saw Jesus’ brothers ridiculing him and telling him he should go to the feast in
Jerusalem, so that everyone could see him doing his good works and miracles. Jesus told them to go ahead and go without
him, then later on he snuck into the city.

     It’s really sad when one considers that Jesus had to sneak around do he would not be killed, but that is what happened.
But once he was in the city, and at the temple teaching, the Jews could do nothing, for fear that the people would revolt and
rebel against them, for Jesus was very popular among the common people.

J
ohn 7:14-15
     14. Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.
     15. And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?        

Verse 14
     [A]   Jesus did not remain hidden,
             [1]  He went up to the temple, in plain sight
             [2] Questions                
                     [a]  What made him think that he would be safe there?        
                     [b]  What kept the priest and the Jewish officials from arresting Jesus and killing him?
     
     [B]   In the temple Jesus began to teach
             [1]  Isn’t it interesting, even though he was in fear for his life, he went to the temple and taught                
             [2]  What gave him this courage
                     [a]  It was not his time
                     [b]  God would protect him
     [A]  The Jews marveled that Jesus could read and write.
     
     [B]  Apparently not all men learned to read and write
     
     [C]  Although we do not know whether Jesus went to school, he could read, how is this possible?
             [1]  One must remember that Jesus is God, and Jesus is also the creator of everything
             [2]  If it was Jesus who created the heavens and the earth, and all that is in them, does it not stand to reason that
                     it was Jesus who taught man to read and write in the first place.        

John 7:16-19
     16. Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.
     17. If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself.
     18. He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true,
           and no unrighteousness is in him.
     19. Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?

Verse 16
     [A]  As Jesus so often said, he only taught what the one who sent him told him to say.
     
     [B]  Not only did Jesus always give God the credit, he only did what God instructed him to do

Verse 17
     [A]  Herein is a very important piece of information
     
     [B]  If any man does his will
             [1]  In other words, anyone who does the will of God, anyone who knows enough about God and his will that they
                     do it, will certainly know God well, and when one knows God well, he will understand and do what his will
                     is.          
     
     [C]   He who does God’s will, will know his doctrine
             [1]  Knowing God’s will, is to know his doctrine, the two go hand in hand,
     
     [D]  If one does God’s will and knows his doctrine, they will know whether the things Jesus is saying is of God, or
             whether he is just talking to heart himself talk.
     
     [E]  The same holds true today, when we talk the things of God, or preach the word of God, those who know God will
             understand what is the words of God and what is not. The  Holy Spirit who lives in us, shows us the difference
             between right and wrong, and we discern what is God’s word and what is not.
     
     [F]   Herein is problem that we often see today, preachers and teachers who are teaching and preaching for their own
             glory, instead of to the glory of God.
             [1]  These were the words that Jesus was speaking to the Jews, for they so often did just that.         
             [2]  Jesus tells the parable of the Publican and the sinner. The Publican stood praying, telling God how wonderful
                     he was, whereas the sinner did not even look up into heaven, but hung his head beat his chest and said
                     God forgive me a sinner.        
             [3]  When one does what he or she does, for their own glory, the receiver the only reward they are going to
                     receive.

     [G]  When one does what they do for God, not letting the right hand know what the left hand is doing, God will reward
             them for what hey do.                          
      
     [H]  The Jews loved their positions, and loved the glory they received from the people
     
     [I]  They loved having people bow down to them, and praise them for who they were
     
     [J] This is what Jesus was speaking to them about. These men had a form of godliness, they looked like a godly
             person, yet their hearts was not what they needed to be. The were corrupted and out to please only themselves.
             Jesus knew all of this, and he trying to teach man how they were to live and how they were to act. Jesus taught us
             that we were to be humble, that we were to be servants instead of being served, all these things are contrary to
             what the priest and Jewish leaders believed and did.

Verse 19
     [A]  Re-read this verse and determine what was Jesus talking about?
     
     [B]  What law was he referring to?
     
     [C]  What does he mean that they are breaking the law?
             [1]  The Law he is speaking of is the Ten Commandments - particularly the one which says “Thou Shalt Not Kill”
             [2]  He is also referring to the laws of God that commands that there be justice done, with an eye for and eye,
                     Jesus killed no one so he did not deserve death
             [3]  He was referring to the fact that there was nothing he had done or was doing that justified death in God’s
                     Holy Law
             [4]  There desire to Kill Jesus was breaking the Laws of God that they professed to enforce


John 7:20-24
     20. The people answered and said, Thou hast a devil: who goeth about to kill thee?
     21. Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one work, and ye all marvel.
     22. Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the
           Sabbath day circumcise a man.
     23. If a man on the Sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me,
           because I have made a man every whit whole on the Sabbath day?
     24. Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.

Verse 20
     [A]  When Jesus confronted the Jews with the fact that they were seeking to kill him, they responded to him as we see
             in verse 20
             [1]  What are you talking about?
             [2]  Are you possessed with a devil?
             [3]  Who is trying to kill you?
     
     [B]  Question
             [1]  Were the Jews trying to kill him?
             [2]  Why were they trying to kill?
             [3]  Why did they accuse him of having a devil in him?

Verse 21-23
     [A]   Jesus’ answer to them
             [1]  Apparently after Jesus went to the temple, he healed a man in the temple - this is not found in John, but
                     Jesus speaks of it in his discoursed with the Jews
             [2]  Apparently, by what Jesus said, they Jews were angry at him and wanted to kill him because he had healed a
                     man, which was considered work, on the Sabbath Day
             [3] He told them how they circumcise a baby on the Sabbath Moses had commanded them to circumcise all male
                     children on the eight day
             [4]  Then he asked the question found in verse 23
                     23. If a man on the Sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye
                           angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the Sabbath day?
     
     [B] Questions
             [1]  What is your opinion about what Jesus did, was he wrong in healing the man?
             [2]  Was there anything worse in what Jesus did then what the Priest did by  circumcising a child or offering a
                     sacrifice?

Verse 24
     24. Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.
       
     [A]  What did Jesus mean with this statement?
     
     [B]  What is the difference between judging by appearance and judging righteously?

John  7:25-36
     25. Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not this he, whom they seek to kill?
     26. But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ?
     27. Howbeit we know this man whence he is: but when Christ cometh, no man knoweth whence he is.
     28. Then cried Jesus in the temple as he taught, saying, Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am:and I am not
           come of myself, but he that sent me is true, whom ye know not.
     29. But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent me.
     30. Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come.
     31. And many of the people believed on him, and said, When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which
           this man hath done?
     32. The Pharisees heard that the people murmured such things concerning him; and the Pharisees and the chief
           priests sent officers to take him.
     33. Then said Jesus unto them, Yet a little while am I with you, and then I go unto him that sent me.
     34. Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither ye cannot come.
     35. Then said the Jews among themselves, Whither will he go, that we shall not find him? will he go unto the dispersed
           among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles?
     36. What manner of saying is this that he said, Ye shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither ye
           cannot come?

Verses 25-27
     [A]   The people began to question who Jesus was. They had seen him heal people, they had heard him talk, and they
             knew that he was something special
     
     [B] Their questions were addressed to each other as well as the Jews of the temple.
     
     [C]   If this were the  Christ, then why did the Jewish leaders not know it?        
     
     [D]  Verse 27 pretty much describes their dilemma they were having, they knew where Christ came from, many of them
             had seen him grow up, and maybe even gone to the synagogue with him, how could this be the Christ?
             [1] Herein lies a problem that we have today as well.
                     [a]  When one receives Jesus Christ and starts living his or her life in a Christian manor, after living an
                             ungodly one, people look at us and think us to be crazy
                     [b]  Why is it so hard for people to believe that Jesus can change a person and make them do different
                             things?
                     [c]  Why is it so hard for people to accept a change in people, instead of mocking and ridiculing them?
             [2]  For some reason, it seems hard for friends and acquaintances who used to sin with person to accept them as
                     a child of God.
             [3]  This was the problem that Jesus had.
                     [a]  Many of the people knew him
                     [b]   Some had grown up with him, and never heard of his supposedly being the Christ
                     [c]  His own brothers did not believe in him
                     [d]  His own Mother never told anyone about his miraculous birth
                     [e]  For thirty years he was a no-body, just a simple carpenter - why should they believe anything differently
                             now?

Verses 28-29
     [A]  Jesus told the people that they did indeed know him, and they knew of the one who had sent him
     
     [B] Jesus said that he knew who sent him, and he was representing him in the world. The problem was, they did not
             know the one who sent him,
             [1]  How could this be, Jews not knowing God?
             [2]  Why was it so hard for them to accept and believe in Jesus?
             [3]  Was not the miracles and deeds he did, enough to show them that he was not just a simple man, but indeed
                     he was from God?
             [4]  Why was the fact that Jesus was God’s Son, hidden for the first thirty years of Jesus life, only to be revealed
                     after he was baptized by John?
             [5]  If the people had known that Jesus was the Messiah, how might his life had been different?

Verses 30-31
     [A]  Again we see the statement, his time was not yet come.
             [1]  What does this statement mean?
             [2]  Who was to decide when his time came?
     
     [B]  Numerous times we see statements similar to this on in the gospels. Each time there was a threat on him, and he  
             was sparred because his time was no yet come.

Verses 32-34
     [A]  In verse thirty-two we see that indeed the Pharisees did send soldiers to arrest Jesus
             [1]  Whether they ever got to him or not, we do not know
             [2]  He was not arrested because his time was not yet  come.
     
     [B]  What did Jesus mean when he said the words he spoke in verses thirty-three and thirty- four?
             [1]  Where was he going?
             [2]  Why would they not be able to find him?
             [3]  Why would they not be able to come?
             [4]  How can we be assured that we will be able to go where he is?

Verses thirty-five and thirty-six shows us the confusion the people had at his statement.
     [A]  Is he going to the Gentiles?
     
     [B]  Is he leaving us to teach the Gentiles
     
     [C]  What is he talking about?
     
     [D]  There was a great deal of confusion about what Jesus was talking about, and the people wondered where he was
             going.                                
             [1]  I wonder, die they fear that he would leave them and take his healing power elsewhere?
             [2]  Did they believe in him as long as he was doing something for them, but did not want to make waves with the
                     Jews?
             [3]  Were they only out to get what they could get from him?