THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON FOURTEEN

I
John 6:41-59
     41. The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.
     42. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that
           he saith, I came down from heaven?

     [A]  As I look at theses verses, I can’t help but think of how I would have felt, had I been there in the crowd.
             [1]  We must remember that those who were present were Jews.
             [2]  They had been taught what we know as the Old Testament as they were growing up.
             [3]  There idea of whom the Messiah was supposed to be was quite a bit different than what Jesus was     
                     portraying.
             [4]  Questions
                     [a]  Whom or what was the Jews looking for?
                             [1-a]  They were looking for the messiah
                             [2-a]  They were looking for someone to save them
                     [b]  What did they expect their messiah to do?
                             [1-a]  They expected the messiah to overthrow their oppressors, and defeat their enemies.
                             [2-a]  They expected their messiah to be their king and restore the kingdom of the Jews.
                     [c]  How did Jesus differ from their beliefs?
                             [1-a]  Jesus did not set his kingdom up here on earth
                             [2-a]  He did not overthrow the Roman Government
                             [3-a]  He did not speak out against their enemies
                             [4-a]  He taught things different than they were used to hearting such as love your enemies, do
                                             good to them that despitefully use you, Give to Cesar that which is Cesar’s
                     [d]  Why was it so hard for them to believe that Jesus was the prophesied Messiah who was to
                             come?        
                             [1-a]  He didn’t do as they expected him to do.
                             [2-a]  He was meek and lowly - not a king
                     [e]  Did Jesus do what he was supposed to do?
                             [1-a]  Absolutely, he established his kingdom, it just wasn’t an earthly kingdom                        
                             [2-a]  He overthrew the enemies and placed them under his feet, when he defeated Satan and
                                             conquered death.

II.  
John 6:43-51        
     43. Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves.
     44. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last
           day.
     45. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and
           hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
     46. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.
     47. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
     48. I am that bread of life.
     49. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
     50. This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
     51. I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and
           the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

     [A]   Jesus begins here by trying to restore a little order with the people by telling them to murmur not.

     [B]   Verse 44
             [1]   This is a very interesting verse -
                     [a]   Notice what Jesus is saying to the people        
                     [b]   No man can come to Jesus unless the Father draws them to him
             [2]  Someone tell me what that means.
                     [a]  How is it that no one can come unto Christ unless the Father draws them?
                             [1-a]  Unless the Father, through the Holy Spirit, does a word in a persons heart, nothing can
                                             happen.
                             [2-a]  It is the Holy Spirit that quickens to us an understanding of Jesus Christ, and makes what
                                             he did for us real.
                             [3-a]  Without the working of the Father and the Holy Spirit in our lives, we cannot understand
                                             or believe what Jesus did for us, therefore we cannot be saved  
             [3]  Jesus said that those who are drawn to him, he will raise up in the last days.
                     [a]  What does this mean?
                     [b]  Does not our spirit return to God from which it came?
                     [c]  Does not those who follow Jesus go to heaven when they die?
                     [d]  Answers
                             [1-a]  First one has to understand that the spirit and the body is completely different - the spirit
                                             is the real us, and the body is only that which we abide in here on earth.
                             [2-a]  When someone died, the spirit leaves the body and goes either to heaven or to hell,
                                             depending on the state of their soul.
                             [3-a]  The Spirit of the believer returns to God from which it came, and there we are comforted
                                             and given rest from all our toils, pain and hardships.
                             [4-a]  The body we uses here on earth remains behind, being buried, burned, or whatever,
                                             because it has been corrupted by the sins of this world, and is not fit for heaven.
                             [5-a]  The Spirit which is in heaven with Jesus, is recognizable, and real, although it is still spirit,
                                             even as God is Spirit. Only the Spirit can enter heaven.
                             [6-a]  In the last day, when Christ creates a new heaven and a new earth, at the time when
                                             Jesus sets up his kingdom here on earth, and dwells among man for all eternity,
                                             those who were spirit in heaven will receive a new  body, one like the body Jesus
                                             has, and they will dwell with him for  evermore, in a place where there will be no
                                             sickness, no death, no  heartache and no pain. There the lamb will lay down with the
                                             lion, and the child will play over the hole of the deadly serpent. There will be no fear
                                             for all fear will be gone. Nothing will kill another being, and all will live in harmony with
                                             each other.
             [4]   Verses forty-fine and forty-six
                     [a]  Jesus is continuing to stress the fact that the only way for anyone to come to him is if the Father
                             and the Spirit draw them to him.  
                     [b]  Again it is the Father and the Spirit who teach us about Christ and make us believe in faith what
                             we must do to be saved
             [5]  Verses forty-seven through fifty
                     [a]  Jesus once again enters into a discourse about his being the bread of life. We have discussed
                             this to some extent before, so we will not get into it a great deal tonight.
             [6]  Verse fifty
                     [a]  Here Jesus tells the people that he is the bread of life.
                     [b]  Then he says that the bread is his flesh and anyone who eats his flesh will have eternal life
                             [1-a]  We understand what he meant, but can you imagine what the people listening to him
                                             thought?
                             [2-a]  Was he asking them to commit cannibalism - that would have been strictly against Jewish
                                             law
                             [3-a]  I think that sometimes we judge the people of Jesus time harshly without considering how
                                             hard it was for them to accept what Jesus said.        

III.  J
ohn 6:52-59                
     52. The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
     53. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and
           drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
     54. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
     55. For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
     56. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.
     57. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
     58. This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead:
   he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
     59. These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.

     [A]  Take a moment and consider how hard it would have been to accept what Jesus was saying to you, had
             you been a Jew. For that matter, how hard would it be to understand it were you not a Christian and had
             never learned what he was talking about.

     [B]  Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.
             [1]  How does on eat the flesh of Christ?
                     [a] Through the bread or communion
             [2]  How does one drink his blood?
                     [a]  Through the cup of communion

     [C]  What does Jesus mean in Verse 56 “He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I
             in him”?
             [1]  The true believer believes what Jesus did for them on the cross. When they partake of the bread and
                     the cup, it is always a humbling experience, one that makes us realize and remember what we owe
                     him for our salvation. It reminds us of his suffering and his pain so that we could be forgiven.
                     Therefore, they dwell in him and he dwells in them

     [D]  The Children of Israel who ate the manna in the Wilderness all died, but those who believe in Jesus and
             partake of his body and his blood, will live forever with him.

IV.  
John 6:60-65
     60. Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?
     61. When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you?
     62. What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
     63. It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit,
           and they are life.
     64. But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that
           believed not, and who should betray him.
     65. And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of
           my Father.

     [A]   As you can see in verse sixty, what Jesus was telling the people was hard for them to accept, even those
             who were faithful followers, his disciples, not the twelve were confused and could not comprehend what
             he was talking about, they too began to murmur.

     [B]  In verse sixty-one Jesus asked them if what he had said offended them?
             [1]  Of course it offended them - what did he expect them to do, kill him and eat his flesh and drink his
                     blood?
             [2] What he was asking was not Godly, therefore there was no way they could do as he asked them.

     [C]  Then he really fed the fire of their confusion by saying, “what if you see the son of man ascent back to
             where he came from?”
             [1]  Here he was again, talking about leaving them, not setting up his kingdom on earth
             [2]  What were the people to believe?

     [D] Verse sixty-three is where we find Jesus talking about what I was saying earlier,
             [1]  It is the Spirit that quickened
             [2]  The flesh means nothing
             [3]  His word were from the Spirit of God, and they were by which we and they could gain life.

     [E]  I find verse sixty-four to be a very sad verse “But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew
             from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.
             [1]  This verse is speaking of more than just Judas, although he was among those who betrayed Jesus
             [2] There were others present, who had followed Jesus for about as long as the disciples whom, refused   
                     to allow the teaching of Jesus to take hold of their heart, and they were among those who cried out
                     later, crucify him. Crucify him, believing him to be someone different than whom he claimed to be.

V.   
John 6: 66-71
     66. From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.
     67. Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?
     68. Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
     69. And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God.
     70. Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?
     71. He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.

     [A]  Verse 66
             [1]  I have no way of knowing how many people were following Jesus, along with the twelve chosen, but
                     there are scriptures that tell us he sent out seventy, two by two at one place, so we can assume that
                     there was a good many men following him, plus several women who tended their needs.
             [2]  Hearing Jesus, many of these disciples departed from him and went home. Apparently what Jesus
                     was saying was too hard for them to understand. Maybe his telling them that he was from heaven
                     was to much, whatever the reason, they left him and departed.
             [3]  This is the same thing that happens in churches today, when people hear things that make them feel
                     uncomfortable, or when the preacher steps on their toes. Often, instead of conforming to the word of
                     God, they leave and go where they will not heart preached things that will hurt them

     [B]  Verse 67
             [1]  Jesus stood there and watched the people leaving him, men who had followed him for a long time,
                     men who considered themselves to be his disciples. One by one they walked away.
             [2]  He turned to the twelve, and asked them if they too were going to leave him.

     [C]  Verse 68-69
             [1]  That was when old faithful Peter, said, where would we go, it is you who has the words to eternal life,
                     and we believer that you are the son of God.
                     [a]  Apparently the twelve had been with him and seen enough to believe what he said was true.
                             They knew that he was the son of God and that he was the way to have eternal life.

     [D]  Verse 70
             [1]  Can you imagine the thoughts that went through the disciples minds when Jesus made this           
     `                statement.
             [2]  Here they were, they had just sworn their allegiance to him and he says one of them is a Devil. It
                     almost seems he was trying to drive them away as well

     [E]   Verse 71
             [1]  Unbeknown to the disciples at the time, Jesus was speaking of Judas who would betray him.

     [G]  Questions:
             [1]  Jesus stood and watched his disciples walk away from him, yet he did not follow after them, and beg
                     them to come back.
                     [a]   Why didn’t he?        
                     [b]  Why didn’t he follow them and explain what he was talking about so they would understand?
                     [c]  Was he not allowing the one to leave the ninety and nine?
             [2]  In the church today, we often see people get offended when they heart things being preached from
                     the pulpit, things that are biblical, things that the bible says is sin, and they leave the church and
                     refuse to come back.
                     [a]  According to what Jesus did, should I as a preacher chase after them?
                     [b]  Should I go to them and apologize for what God says?
             [3]  When should we chase after people and when should we leave them be?