THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON TWELVE

I    
John 6:1-3
      1.  After these things Jesus went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias.
      2.  And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.
      3.  And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.

     [A]  The last time we met, we had left Jesus in Jerusalem, where he had healed the man at the Pool of        
             Bethesda, and where he had talked to the Jews about his being sent by God and of his only doing and
             saying what God told him to say and do.

     [B]  Apparently while he was there, he healed many people, not just the one man we talked about, because we
              see here in verse two that the  people were following him because they say the miracles he had done.

     [C]  Verse 1
             [1]   After this - when one sees these words, one has to ask, after what. After what is after all the things he
                     did at Jerusalem, after all the teaching and healing he had done.
             [2]  When Jesus left Jerusalem, he went over the Sea of Galilee
                     [a]  I find this interesting, because the Sea of Galilee was in Galilee, and there is no mention of Jesus
                             returning to Galilee between chapter five and chapter six, but never the less, Jesus was in Galilee
                             and there he crossed the sea to escape the crowd of people who were flocking after him.

     [D] Verse 2
             [1]  Why did so many people follow Jesus?
             [2]  What was it about Him that made them want to leave everything they had and flock out to hear and see
                     him?
                     [a]  I believe the key is found in this verse, or at least in part, they had seen him heal the sick and they
                             wanted to see Him do more.
                     [b] Possibly some wanted to hear him speak, but I believe that more than anything, they had come for
                             the show.

     [E]   Verse 3
             [1]   Jesus went up on a mountain and sat down with his disciples.
                     [a]  Why on  a mountain?
                             [1]   The sea of Galilee is surrounded by what we would call large hills but because they are very
                                     high hills, they are considered mountains.
                             [2]  Just about anywhere Jesus would have got out of the boat along the sea he would have had
                                     to climb a mountain, or one of these big hills.                          
             [2]   Jesus went up on the mountain and sat down.
                     [a]  Apparently he knew that the people we coming.
                     [b]  He had gone away to rest and relax with his disciples, but this was not going to happen - the
                             people were coming
                     [c]  He had crosses the sea, how did they know where he was?
                     [d]  One thing we can say about them, they desired to see Jesus enough to travel and find him.

II.   
John 6:4-14
     4.   And the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.
     5.   When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence
             shall we buy bread, that these may eat?
     6.   And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.
     7.   Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may
             take a little.
     8.   One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,
     9.   There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?
     10. And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in       
           number about five thousand.
     11. And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples
           to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.
     12. When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.
     13. Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves,
           which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.
     14. Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that
           should come into the world.

     [A]  Verse 4
             [1]  John tells us that the Feast of the Passover was nigh
                     [a] This doesn’t really mean a lot to us, but it tells us when the account that we are about to study took
                             place.

     [B]  Verse 5
             [1]  Jesus and his disciples had gone over the sea of Galilee and there they had gone up on a mountain
                      and sat down.
             [ 2]  The people had followed him, because they had seen him doing miracles and teaching
                     [a]  Apparently Jesus and the disciples had crossed the lake in a boat, so the people had to have
                             walked around the lake or followed him in a boat as well.
                     [b]  How long it took for them to walk around the lake, or how far they went is something that we do not
                             know, but the fact remains, they followed him.
             [3]  From where Jesus was sitting, he could see the people coming - he turned to Phillip and asked him
                     where they could buy bread for the people to eat.
                     [a]  Take notice, that Jesus usually singled out one of the disciples to use as when giving a life lesson,
                     [b]  This time it was Phillip

     [C]   Verse 6
             [1]  Notice what John wrote, he did this to prove Phillip
             [2]  Jesus already knew what he was going to do
                     [a]  He knew that he was going to feed them
                     [b]  He already knew that a little boy had his lunch with him
                     [c]  He already knew that not only was the crowds going to be blessed, but the disciples were going to
                             be given a lesson in faith.

     [D]   Verse 7
             [1]  Phillips answer to Jesus was that two hundred pennyworth was not enough to buy enough bread to feed
                     that amount of people.
             [2]  Phillip was a realist - he seen a multitude of five thousand men, and knew that they did not have enough
                     money to feed them.
             [3] He never once thought that Jesus could make a little into a lot, instead he worried about what he could
                     do himself.
             [4]  Questions:
                     [a]  Isn’t this the major problem that we have in serving Jesus as well?
                     [b]  Does not man usually try to figure out how they can solve the problem instead of turning to Jesus
                             and trusting him to handle it?
                     [c]  Why is it that turning to Jesus is usually out last resort instead of our first one?                
                     [d]  How much easier would life be, if we were to turn to Jesus first instead of turning to him last?

     [E]  Verses 8 - 9
             [1]  Andrew somehow found a young boy who had some food.
             [2]  He told Jesus that the boy had five barley loaves, and two small fishes, a lunch that a mother had fixed
                     for her son, enough for a young boy to eat.
             [3]  Looking at the loaves and fishes and looking at the enormous crowd of people, Andrew asked, what is
                     this among so many?
                     [a] How could so little food feed so many people?
                     [b] What was Jesus trying to prove to the disciples?

     [F] Verses 10
             [1]  Jesus told the disciples to have the people sit down
                     [a]  Luke 9:14-15
                             14. For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down by
                                   fifties in a company.
                              15. And they did so, and made them all sit down.
                     [b]  Jesus had the people sit down in groups, apparently that was a way that the people could be
                             counted.
             [2]  5000 men sit down in these groups.
                     [a]  Right away this makes you wonder just how many people were really there that day.
                             [1-a]  We know there was 5000 men, for this is what the bible tells us.
                             [2-a]  We also know that there was children there, because there was a young boy whose lunch
                                             Jesus uses to feet the people
                             [3-a]  What we do no know is whether there was women present, but I would assume that because
                                             there was men, and because there was young boys, there must have been women      
                                             there as well, so the number in that  case, would have been much more than 5000
                                             people.
                              [4-a]  If there were no women, only men and boys, and if the boys were numbered among the
                                             men, making the number 5000, the feeding of  such a huge number was still a
                                             marvelous feat, and a great miracle.

     [G]   Verse 11
             [1]   Jesus took the bread and gave thanks for it.
                     [a]  What does this show us about Jesus?
                             [1-a]  He wanted everyone to understand that it was God the Father who was to be glorified for
                                             what was about to take place.          
             [2]  Because Jesus blessed the food before he served it, what does this tell us we ought to do   
                     as well?
                     [a]  We too ought to bless our food!
                     [b]  Questions:
                             [1-a]   Why should we take the time to bless everything we eat?
                             [2-a]   What do we have that God doesn’t give us?
            [3]  After he blesses the food, he gave it to the disciples to distribute among the people
                     [a]  I ask you, how many of us, would have believed that Jesus could multiply the food, five loaves and
                             two fishes and make this small amount feed the five thousand?
                     [b]  Imagine, being a disciple of Jesus, following him and seeing everything he did, do you think it was   
                             easy for the disciples to believe that he could feed five thousand people with such a small
                             amount?                        
                     [c]  Jesus has made a lot of promises to you and I, has he not?
                             [1-a]  How hard is it for us to believe the things he told us?
                             [2-a]  Jesus told us that anything we ask of him, in his name, we would receive, why do we have
                                             so little faith for the things that we ask him for?.                                  
                             [3-a]  How much could we as a church accomplish if we truly believed?
                             [4-a]  Why is it so hard for us to believe that Jesus can do the things he promised us he would do?
             [4]  I wonder what must have been going through the disciples minds as they passed out the food, they and
                     probably only a few other people knew that all the food he had to start with was five loaves and two
                     fish, but here was twelve men, all with huge baskets, passing out food to all of them.
                     [a]  I want you to think about what Jesus did, he didn’t make a big deal out of what he did, everything
                             he did was in obscurity, with as little fanfare as possible.
                     [b]  Can you imagine what it would have been like if this would have happened were it with a TV
                             evangelist or one of the great evangelist of today?
                             [1-a] What would have been different?
                             [2-a]  Why would they have acted any differently than Jesus did?
                             [3-a]  Why does man, want to bring the glory for themselves instead of giving God all the Glory?
             [5]  Take notice I verse eleven, the people had all they wanted to eat.

     [H]  Verse 12-14
             [1]  When all the people had eaten, Jesus sent the disciples back through the crowds, to gather up all that
                     remained that was not eaten.
             [2]  They each took a basket, and filled the basket completely with food that was left over.
                     [a]  I have no way of knowing how large these baskets were, but I heard one preacher once who said
                             that the baskets that disciples uses were huge baskets, the kind that one would use to carry their  
                             wares to market.
                     [b]  It really doesn’t matter how large the baskets were, not one of the twelve would have been filled
                             with the food they started with, and after feeding five thousand people, each of the disciples filled
                             a basket full with leftovers.
                             [1-a] This was a great builder of faith for the disciples.
                             [2-a]  Each of the disciples knew what they started with, who they had fed and what was left over,
                                             and the basked full of food was proof.
                     [c]  The bible does not tell us what they did with the leftovers,
                             [1-a]  What do you think they did with it?

III   J
ohn 6: 15-16
     15. When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he
           departed again into a mountain himself alone.
     16. And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,        

     [A]   Here in verse fifteen we find something very interesting.
             [1]  Because Jesus fed them, they wanted to make him their king.
             [2]  What better person to have for a king than someone who would feed you, heal you and take care of
                     your needs.
             [3] Questions:
                     [a]  Was the people hearing what he had to say, or were they just out to get what they  could from him?
                     [b]  Were the people following Jesus to hear him speak or to have cure their illnesses?
                     [c]  If Jesus would not have healed people, If he had not performed miracles, would the people have
                             still come out to see him?
             [4]  In some of the churches today, in some particular denominations, there is what the people in the
                     congregations, believer to be an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. In these churches, unless people are
                     speaking in tongues, giving prophecies, shouting and dancing in the isles, there is a feeling that Jesus
                     is not there.
                     [a] Is this not the same as those who were following Jesus in his time, desiring him to make them well
                             and to feel good?
                     [b]  Is this not one of the many problems in the Christian community of today, unless people can feel
                             something, unless they can get something for themselves out of it, they don’t attend church?

     [B]   After Jesus had fed the 5000, he went alone up into a mountain to be alone so he could pray and have his
             spirit restored.

     [C]  Apparently, he left his disciples to send the people away, while he went off alone.
             [1]  Numerous places we find Jesus going off alone to pray, Why did he do this?
             [2]  Is it important that we have time alone with God?
             [3]  What are the benefits of seeking God, and spending time with him alone?

     [D]   After the disciples had sent the people away, they got into their boat and started off across the sea.
             [1]  This sounds like they had ran off from Jesus, but we find in Matthew, 14:22-23  
                   
  Matthew 14
                     22. And straightway Jesus constrained his disciples to get into a ship, and to go before him unto the
                           other side, while he sent the multitudes away.
                     23. And when he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into a mountain apart to pray: and when
                           the evening was come, he was there alone.
             [2] The disciples did not desert Jesus, he sent them on before him while he stayed alone to pray.
                     [a]  How he was going to get to the other side of the sea apparently they did not question, after all,
                             Jesus had told them to go, and the went.

This is where we are going to stop. Next time we will look at the disciples struggling to cross the water and Jesus
walking out to meet them on the water.