THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
LESSON TEN

I   
John 5:1-9
     1.   After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
     2.   Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having
           five porches.
     3.   In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water.
     4.   For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after
           the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.
     5.   And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years.
     6.   When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he saith unto him, Wilt thou
           be made whole?
     7.   The impotent man answered him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool: but
            while I am coming, another steppeth down before me.
     8.   Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.
     9.   And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the
           Sabbath.
     
     [A]  Verse 1 - After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
             [1]  After this - After what?
                     [a]  If you remember, the last time we met, we left Jesus in Galilee, where he healed a man’s son.
                     [b]  What was surprising about his healing the boy is that he did not go to him, but  instead told the
                             father to go home, and his son would be well.
                     [c]  I want to mention, that with every miracle Jesus performed, there had to be an act of faith, on
                             the person's part.
                             [1]  When he made the wine, he told the servants to take some to the master of the feast, they
                                     obeyed, and the water was turned to wine
                             [2]  In the second miracle, the one last week, a father came to Jesus asking him to come to his
                                     house and heal his son, Jesus told him to go home, his son would be made well, The man
                                      believed and started home. As he traveled, his servants came and told him his son was well.
                                     His act of faith was returning home believing.
                     [d]  As we continue to travel through the book of John, take notice of the acts of faith that was required
                             for each miracle to happen
             [2]  Sometime after Jesus has returned to Galilee where we left him last week, he returned to Jerusalem for
                     a religious feast.

     [B]  Verse 2.   Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue
             Bethesda, having five porches.
             [1]  Bethesda
                     [a]  The word Bethesda means house of mercy,
                     [b]  It was a reservoir of water, a swimming bath,
                     [c]  It had five porches around it.
                     [d]  It was located near the sheep-gate
                              [1]  The Sheep-gate was one of the gated into Jerusalem
                             [2]  It was located in the eastern wall of the city

     [C]   Verse 3.   In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the
             water.
             [1]  Under these "porches" or colonnades  which surrounded the pool, numbers of people who were sick or
                     crippled spent their days, waiting for the "troubling of the water."

     [D]  Verse 4.   For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then
             first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.
             [1]  Ever so often, at no particular time, an angel of God would come down and stir the waters in the pool
             [2]  The problem was, it only worked to heal the first person to get into the water
             [3]  How it worked or why is a mystery, yet it did work, and apparently God was behind it.
             [4]  The question I have is,
                     [a]   How did the people find out about it in the first place?
                     [b]  Where did they receive enough faith to believe that they could be healed if they were the first into
                             the water?
                     [c]  Was an act of faith required even here, an act as I was speaking of earlier?

     [E]  Verse 5.   And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years.
             [1]  Can you imagine this, here we find a man who had been apparently bed-ridden, for we see in a bit that
                     he took up his bed and walked, yet he had been carried to this pool or crawled to it, whichever, yet he
                     had done so for thirty-eight years, and yet he had never received his chance to be healed
             [2]  His desire, and his faith in the healing was so strong that he continually went to the pool, hoping, praying
                     and believing that someday his turn would come.
             [3]  Although we do not know how often someone was healed, he must have seen hundreds who were
                     healed, as he lay there watching them, unable to get into the pool himself.  
             [4]  Yet he continued to return, hoping that someday, there would be someone who would help him.

     [F]  Verse 6.   When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he saith unto
             him, Wilt thou be made whole?
             [1]  Jesus knew the heart of the man, he knew that he had laid their thirty-eight years
             [2]  Why would he ask him such a silly question - Wilt thou be made whole?

     [G]   Verse 7.   The impotent man answered him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into
             the pool: but while I am coming, another steppeth down before me.
             [1]  This is sad to read, but a fact of human nature
                     [a]  For thirty-eight years this man had laid there, wanting to be healed
                     [b]  For thirty-eight years, he had tried to get into the water, only to be pushed aside by others before
                             he could get in
                     [c]  For thirty-eight years he has missed his chance as he watched others being healed and receiving
                             the very thing that he wanted for himself
             [2]  I wonder if in his mind that day, he was hoping the man who had stopped to talk to him, would hang
                     around and help him into the water when the angel stirred it.
             [3]  Yet Jesus had his answer, certainly I want to be healed, but I cannot get into the water before someone
                     else beats me to it.

     [H]  Verses 8.   Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.
             9.   And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was
                   the Sabbath.
             [1]  At that moment, Jesus healed him.
             [2]  He told him to rise and take up his bed and walk
                     [a]  Jesus told him to rise,
                     [b]  If the man had lain there, unbelieving and refusing to get up, he would have remained a cripple,
                     [c]  In faith, maybe because of Jesus’ voice, whatever, he believed and arose from his bed of affliction
                             and was made whole.  
             [3]  This all happened on the Sabbath - which made the Jewish people grumble and talk about Jesus.
             [4]  It seemed that Jesus was always getting in trouble for what he did on the Sabbath.

II.
John 5:10-16
     10. The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the Sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy
           bed.
     11. He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk.
     12. Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk?
     13. And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in that
           place.
     14. Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest
           a worse thing come unto thee.
     15. The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole.
     16. And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on
           the Sabbath day.

     [A]  I find it interesting that the Jews, criticized the man whom Jesus healed for carrying his bed, instead of
             rejoicing that he had been made well.
             [1]  Would it not seem that the Jews would have been excited that the man who had been sick for so many
                     years, was able to walk again?
             [2]  What is more important, following the law to the tee or doing good for someone?

     [B]  Verse 11. He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and
             walk.
             [1]  Notice that the man did not even know who had healed him.
             [2]  He only knew that someone had healed him and told him to take up his bed and walk.
             [3]  Out of faith, he had done as the person who healed him had told him to do.

     [C]  Verses 12 & 13
             12. Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk?
             13. And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in
                   that place.
             [1]  When they asked him who healed him, he did not know, for Jesus had slipped away from him, into the
                     crowd.
             [2]  Why did he not know that Jesus was who healed him?
             [3]  Why didn’t Jesus tell him who he was?
             [4]  Why did Jesus slip away from the man?

     [D]  Verse 14
             14. Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more,
                   lest a worse thing come unto thee.
             [1]  Jesus found the man in the temple
             [2]  Apparently the man then knew who Jesus was
             [3]  Jesus issued a warning to the man
                     [a]   Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.
                      [b]  What was Jesus implying to the man?
                     [c]  What did he mean?
                     [d]  What does this tell you and me?

     [E]  Verse 15 & 16
             15. The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole.
             16. And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things
                   on the Sabbath day.
             [1]  The man told the Jews that Jesus had healed him
             [2]  From that moment on, the Jews began to persecute Jesus, because he had done well on the
                     Sabbath         

III  
John 5:17-23
     17. But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
     18. Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also
           that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
     19. Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself,
           but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
     20. For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greater
           works than these, that ye may marvel.
     21. For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
     22. For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
     23. That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honoreth not the Son honoreth
           not the Father which hath sent him.

     [A] Verse 17. But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
             [1]  Jesus’ answer for healing the man on the Sabbath was what?
                     [a]  My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
             [2]   What did Jesus mean by this statement?
             [3]  Was he saying that it is OK to work on the Sabbath?
             [4]  What was meant by his father worket hitherto?

     [B]  Verse 18. Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but
             said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
             [1]  What was the Jews response to Jesus’ words
                     [a]  They wanted to kill him
             [2]  What was their reason for wanting to kill Jesus?
                     [a]  He broke the Sabbath        
                     [b]  He made himself equal to God.
             [3]  Was Jesus equal to God?

     [C]  Verse 19 -Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of
             himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
             [1]  What was Jesus saying in this verse.
                     [a]  The only things that Jesus did, was what he saw the father in heaven doing.
                     [b]  Because God love mankind so much that he was wiling to help them on the Sabbath day, then
                             Jesus did likewise.

     [D]  Verse 20. For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him
             greater works than these, that ye may marvel.
             [1]  What was Jesus referring to in this verse?
             [2]  What did he mean when he said he would do greater things?

     [E]  Verse 21. For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he
             will.
             [1]  What was Jesus referring to in verse 21
                     [a]  The father raised up the dead and quickened them
                             [1]  The Jews knew of God raising the dead,
                             [2]  Elijah prayed for a child and his life was restored
                             [3]  Elishia did the same thing
                     [b]  There was no question as to whether God could raise the dead
             [2]  Jesus went on to say that the son has the power to raise the dead as well, even as the Father did
                     [a]  This was not something the Jews wanted to hear - although it was one of the signs of the Messiah
                             they were awaiting.
                             [1]  Why was this so hard for the Jews to accept?
                             [2]  Why did everything Jesus did, enrage them?

     [F]  Verse 22. For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
             [1]  What did Jesus mean by the Father judging no man?
             [2]  What did he mean by the Father giving all judgment to the Son?
             [3]  Why is Jesus made the Judge instead of God the Father?

     [G]  Verse 23. That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honoreth not the
              Son honoreth not the Father which hath sent him.
             [1]  Here we see why God the Father gave Jesus the responsibility and ability to do everything he did.
             [2]  God wanted the Son to be honored even as he was honored
             [3]  Jesus said that to not honor him was to not honor God the Father, bur to honor him was to honor the
                     Father
                     [a]  God the Father and God the son are one, to do to one is to do to both